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Title: EZH2 is a key component of hepatoblastoma tumor cell growth
Abstract Background

Enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2) catalyzes the trimethylation of histone H3 at lysine 27 via the polycomb recessive complex 2 (PRC2) and plays a time‐specific role in normal fetal liver development. EZH2 is overexpressed in hepatoblastoma (HB), an embryonal tumor. EZH2 can also promote tumorigenesis via a noncanonical, PRC2‐independent mechanism via proto‐oncogenic, direct protein interaction, including β‐catenin. We hypothesize that the pathological activation of EZH2 contributes to HB propagation in a PRC2‐independent manner.

Methods and results

We demonstrate that EZH2 promotes proliferation in HB tumor‐derived cell lines through interaction with β‐catenin. Although aberrant EZH2 expression occurs, we determine that both canonical and noncanonical EZH2 signaling occurs based on specific gene‐expression patterns and interaction with SUZ12, a PRC2 component, and β‐catenin. Silencing and inhibition of EZH2 reduce primary HB cell proliferation.

Conclusions

EZH2 overexpression promotes HB cell proliferation, with both canonical and noncanonical function detected. However, because EZH2 directly interacts with β‐catenin in human tumors and EZH2 overexpression is not equal to SUZ12, it seems that a noncanonical mechanism is contributing to HB pathogenesis. Further mechanistic studies are necessary to elucidate potential pathogenic downstream mechanisms and translational potential of EZH2 inhibitors for the treatment of HB.

 
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NSF-PAR ID:
10482778
Author(s) / Creator(s):
 ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  ;  
Publisher / Repository:
Wiley Blackwell (John Wiley & Sons)
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Volume:
71
Issue:
2
ISSN:
1545-5009
Format(s):
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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