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Title: Evolved Eclipsing Binaries and the Age of the Open Cluster NGC 752*

We present analyses of improved photometric and spectroscopic observations for two detached eclipsing binaries at the turnoff of the open cluster NGC 752: the 1.01 days binary DS And and the 15.53 days BD +37 410. For DS And, we findM1= 1.692 ± 0.004 ± 0.010M,R1= 2.185 ± 0.004 ± 0.008R,M2= 1.184 ± 0.001 ± 0.003M, andR2= 1.200 ± 0.003 ± 0.005R. We either confirm or newly identify unusual characteristics of both stars in the binary: the primary star is found to be slightly hotter than the main-sequence turnoff and there is a more substantial discrepancy in its luminosity compared to models (model luminosities are too large by about 40%), while the secondary star is oversized and cooler compared to other main-sequence stars in the same cluster. The evidence points to nonstandard evolution for both stars, but most plausible paths cannot explain the low luminosity of the primary star. BD +37 410 only has one eclipse per cycle, but extensive spectroscopic observations and the Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite light curve constrain the stellar masses well:M1= 1.717 ± 0.011MandM2= 1.175 ± 0.005M. The radius of the main-sequence primary star near 2.9Rdefinitively requires large convective core overshooting (>0.2 pressure scale heights) in models for its mass, and multiple lines of evidence point toward an age of 1.61 ± 0.03 ± 0.05 Gyr (statistical and systematic uncertainties). Because NGC 752 is currently undergoing the transition from nondegenerate to degenerate He ignition of its red clump stars, BD +37 410 A directly constrains the star mass where this transition occurs.

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DOI PREFIX: 10.3847
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Journal Name:
The Astronomical Journal
Medium: X Size: Article No. 6
["Article No. 6"]
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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