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Title: Nanocrystallization of Cu46Zr33.5Hf13.5Al7 Metallic Glass
The recently discovered Cu46Zr33.5Hf13.5Al7 (at.%) bulk metallic glass (BMG) presents the highest glass-forming ability (GFA) among all known copper-based alloys, with a record-breaking critical casting thickness (or diameter) of 28.5 mm. At present, much remains to be explored about this new BMG that holds exceptional promise for engineering applications. Here, we report our study on the crystallization behavior of this new BMG, using isochronal and isothermal differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). With the calorimetric data, we determine the apparent activation energy of crystallization, the Avrami exponent, and the lower branch of the isothermal time–temperature–transformation (TTT) diagram. With XRD and TEM, we identify primary and secondary crystal phases utilizing samples crystallized to different degrees within the calorimeter. We also estimate the number density, nucleation rate, and growth rate of the primary crystals through TEM image analysis. Our results reveal that the crystallization in this BMG has a high activation energy of ≈360 kJ/mole and that the primary crystallization of this BMG produces a high number density (≈1021 m−3 at 475 °C) of slowly growing (growth rate < 0.5 nm/s at 475 °C) Cu10(Zr,Hf)7 nanocrystals dispersed in the glassy matrix, while the second crystallization event further produces a new phase, Cu(Zr,Hf)2. The results help us to understand the GFA and thermal stability of this new BMG and provide important guidance for its future engineering applications, including its usage as a precursor to glass–crystal composite or bulk nanocrystalline structures.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
1945520 2221854
Author(s) / Creator(s):
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Subject(s) / Keyword(s):
metallic glass crystallization nucleation and growth Cu alloys nano-crystal amor- 32 phous alloys ImageJ supercooled liquid calorimetry
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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