skip to main content

This content will become publicly available on August 1, 2024

Title: Observation of the Unidirectional Magnetoresistance in Antiferromagnetic Insulator Fe 2 O 3 /Pt Bilayers

Unidirectional magnetoresistance (UMR) has been observed in a variety of stacks with ferromagnetic/spin Hall material bilayer structures. In this work, UMR in antiferromagnetic insulator Fe2O3/Pt structure is reported. The UMR has a negative value, which is related to interfacial Rashba coupling and band splitting. Thickness‐dependent measurement reveals a potential competition between UMR and the unidirectional spin Hall magnetoresistance (USMR). This work reveals the existence of UMR in antiferromagnetic insulators/heavy metal bilayers and broadens the way for the application of antiferromagnet‐based spintronic devices.

more » « less
Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ;
Publisher / Repository:
Advanced Electronic Materials
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Advanced Electronic Materials
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. Understanding the mechanisms of unidirectional magnetoresistance (UMR) has become an important topic for its potential application of a two-terminal spin–orbit torque device. Field sweep DC measurements have been proposed and adopted to measure the value of UMR instead of second harmonic measurements. In this paper, potential measurement errors in conventional DC measurements are investigated. Oersted field and field-like torque usually do not influence the measurement, but a large field-like torque was found to lead to an anisotropic magnetoresistance difference when the sample is not perfectly aligned with the external field. The existence of ordinary magnetoresistance was also found to contribute to a large background. In this paper, an alternative measurement method for UMR was proposed and demonstrated to address those issues related to previous DC measurements. Our work may broaden the understanding of the error sources of UMR measurements and provide a reliable DC measurement method for the characterization of UMR. 
    more » « less
  2. Unidirectional spin Hall magnetoresistance (USMR) is a magnetoresistance effect with potential applications to read two-terminal spin–orbit-torque (SOT) devices directly. In this work, we observed a large USMR value (up to 0.7 × 10 −11 per A/cm 2 , 50% larger than reported values from heavy metals) in sputtered amorphous PtSn 4 /CoFeB bilayers. Ta/CoFeB bilayers with interfacial MgO insertion layers are deposited as control samples. The control experiments show that increasing the interfacial resistance can increase the USMR value, which is the case in PtSn 4 /CoFeB bilayers. The observation of a large USMR value in an amorphous spin–orbit-torque material has provided an alternative pathway for USMR application in two-terminal SOT devices. 
    more » « less
  3. Unique temperature dependences of the out-of-plane anomalous Hall effect and longitudinal magnetoresistance were observed, which can be attributed to the changing dominance between ferromagnetic and antiferromagnetic phases in the Fe3GeTe2sample.

    more » « less
  4. Abstract

    The anomalous Hall effect, observed in conducting ferromagnets with broken time-reversal symmetry, offers the possibility to couple spin and orbital degrees of freedom of electrons in ferromagnets. In addition to charge, the anomalous Hall effect also leads to spin accumulation at the surfaces perpendicular to both the current and magnetization direction. Here, we experimentally demonstrate that the spin accumulation, subsequent spin backflow, and spin–charge conversion can give rise to a different type of spin current-related spin current related magnetoresistance, dubbed here as the anomalous Hall magnetoresistance, which has the same angular dependence as the recently discovered spin Hall magnetoresistance. The anomalous Hall magnetoresistance is observed in four types of samples: co-sputtered (Fe1−xMnx)0.6Pt0.4, Fe1−xMnx/Pt multilayer, Fe1−xMnxwithx = 0.17–0.65 and Fe, and analyzed using the drift-diffusion model. Our results provide an alternative route to study charge–spin conversion in ferromagnets and to exploit it for potential spintronic applications.

    more » « less
  5. Colossal negative magnetoresistance is a well-known phenomenon, notably observed in hole-doped ferromagnetic manganites. It remains a major research topic due to its potential in technological applications. In contrast, topological semimetals show large but positive magnetoresistance, originated from the high-mobility charge carriers. Here, we show that in the highly electron-doped region, the Dirac semimetal CeSbTe demonstrates similar properties as the manganites. CeSb0.11Te1.90hosts multiple charge density wave modulation vectors and has a complex magnetic phase diagram. We confirm that this compound is an antiferromagnetic Dirac semimetal. Despite having a metallic Fermi surface, the electronic transport properties are semiconductor-like and deviate from known theoretical models. An external magnetic field induces a semiconductor metal–like transition, which results in a colossal negative magnetoresistance. Moreover, signatures of the coupling between the charge density wave and a spin modulation are observed in resistivity. This spin modulation also produces a giant anomalous Hall response.

    more » « less