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Title: Quantification of the local mechanical behavior in dissimilar metal welds using digital image correlation instrumented cross-weld tensile testing
The local yielding behavior in base metal, heat-affected zone, fusion boundary region, and weld metal of low-alloy steel/Alloy 625 filler metal welds was quantified using digital image correlation instrumented cross-weld tensile test. The tested welds exhibited undermatching, matching, or overmatching weld metal yield strength with significant gradients in the local yielding behavior. An undermatching weld yielded at 69 MPa below the base metal yield stress, accumulating to 0.72% total strain. The base metal in an overmatching weld had 110 MPa lower yield strength than the weld metal. The strong strain hardening response in the Alloy 625 weld metal, within the uniform elongation range, and its constraining effect on the fusion boundary region and heat affected zone, led to extensive strain accumulation, necking, and final failure in the base metal of all tested welds. The yielding behavior of the tested welds was compared to stress-based criteria, utilizing minimum specified and as-delivered yield and ultimate tensile strength, and to strain-based criteria. The capability of digital image correlation instrumented cross-weld tensile testing to quantify local yielding and strain accumulation demonstrates potential application in proving conformity to stress-based and strain-based design criteria of dissimilar and matching filler metal welds.  more » « less
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Welding in the World
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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