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Title: Application of Digital Image Correlation in Cross Weld Tensile Testing: Test Method Validation

This study addresses the limitations of cross weld tensile testing (CWTT) in quantifying local mechanical properties across microstructural and compositional gradients in dissimilar– and matching–filler metal welds. A digital image correlation (DIC) methodology was validated for application in CWTT by direct comparison of stress-strain curves generated using conventional and virtual DIC extensometers in tensile testing of homogeneous steel samples. DIC-instrumented CWTT of dissimilar weld metal Alloy 625 filler metal on F65 steel demonstrated capability in quantifying the local yield strength, strain-hardening kinetics, and strain at failure in the base metal, heat-affected zone (HAZ), fusion boundary (FB) region, and weld metal in dissimilar and matching filler metal welds. It was shown that the high strain-hardening capacity in Alloy 625 weld metal led to base metal failure in CWTT despite the lower Alloy 625 weld metal yield strength. It was also shown that DIC-instrumented CWTT can be used for determining weld metal undermatching and overmatching conditions in compositionally matching- and dissimilar-metal welds. Furthermore, by quantifying local strain distribution (both elastic and plastic) in the HAZ, FB region, and weld metal, DIC-instrumented CWTT provides an additional method for evaluating hydrogen-assisted cracking susceptibility in dissimilar-metal welds.

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Award ID(s):
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ;
Corporate Creator(s):
Publisher / Repository:
American Welding Society
Date Published:
Journal Name:
Welding Journal
Page Range / eLocation ID:
191 to 200
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
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