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  1. The number of smart home IoT (Internet of Things) devices has been growing fast in recent years. Along with the great benefits brought by smart home devices, new threats have appeared. One major threat to smart home users is the compromise of their privacy by traffic analysis (TA) attacks. Researchers have shown that TA attacks can be performed successfully on either plain or encrypted traffic to identify smart home devices and infer user activities. Tunneling traffic is a very strong countermeasure to existing TA attacks. However, in this work, we design a Signature based Tunneled Traffic Analysis (STTA) attack that can be effective even on tunneled traffic. Using a popular smart home traffic dataset, we demonstrate that our attack can achieve an 83% accuracy on identifying 14 smart home devices. We further design a simple defense mechanism based on adding uniform random noise to effectively protect against our TA attack without introducing too much overhead. We prove that our defense mechanism achieves approximate differential privacy. 
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