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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 10, 2023
  3. In mixed-criticality systems, mode switch is a key strategy which dynamically provides a balance between system performance and safety. In conventional MCS frameworks, mode switch is triggered by the over-execution of a task; i.e., a task overruns the less pessimistic worst-case execution time. In cyber-physical systems, the data volume generated by I/O affects and can even dominate task computation time. With this in mind, we introduce a novel MCS architecture, termed Pythia-MCS, which predicts task execution time according to I/O run-time behaviors. With the new feature of future-prediction, the Pythia-MCS provides more timely, but still accurate, mode switch. We also present a new theoretical model (quarter-clairvoyance), which guarantees the timing predictability of the design, and a new schedulability analysis for the Pythia-MCS, which demonstrates improved schedulability compared to conventional MCS frameworks. The Pythia-MCS is the first MCS framework enabling the clairvoyance functionality.