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Continuous Authentication based on Hand Micro-movement during Smartphone Form Filling by Seated Human Subjects [Continuous Authentication based on Hand Micro-movement during Smartphone Form Filling by Seated Human Subjects]Mobile devices typically rely on entry-point and other one-time authentication mechanisms such as a password, PIN, fingerprint, iris, or face. But these authentication types are prone to a wide attack vector and worse 1 INTRODUCTION Currently smartphones are predominantly protected a patterned password is prone to smudge attacks, and fingerprint scanning is prone to spoof attacks. Other forms of attacks include video capture and shoulder surfing. Given the increasingly important roles smartphones play in e-commerce and other operations where security is crucial, there lies a strong need of continuous authentication mechanisms to complement and enhance one-time authentication such that even if the authentication at the point of login gets compromised, the device is still unobtrusively protected by additional security measures in a continuous fashion. The research community has investigated several continuous authentication mechanisms based on unique human behavioral traits, including typing, swiping, and gait. To this end, we focus on investigating physiological traits. While interacting with hand-held devices, individuals strive to achieve stability and precision. This is because a certain degree of stability is required in order to manipulate and interact successfully with smartphones, while precision is needed for tasks such as touching or tapping a small target on themore »
Utilizing Keystroke Dynamics as Additional Security Measure to Protect Account Recovery Mechanism [Utilizing Keystroke Dynamics as Additional Security Measure to Protect Account Recovery Mechanism]Account recovery is ubiquitous across web applications but circumvents the username/password-based login step. Therefore, it deserves the same level of security as the user authentication process. A common simplistic procedure for account recovery requires that a user enters the same email used during registration, to which a password recovery link or a new username could be sent. Therefore, an impostor with access to a user’s registration email and other credentials can trigger an account recovery session to take over the user’s account. To prevent such attacks, beyond validating the email and other credentials entered by the user, our proposed recovery method utilizes keystroke dynamics to further secure the account recovery mechanism. Keystroke dynamics is a type of behavioral biometrics that uses the analysis of typing rhythm for user authentication. Using a new dataset with over 500,000 keystrokes collected from 44 students and university staff when they fill out an account recovery web form of multiple fields, we have evaluated the performance of five scoring algorithms on individual fields as well as feature-level fusion and weighted-score fusion. We achieve the best EER of 5.47% when keystroke dynamics from individual fields are used, 0% for a feature-level fusion of five fields, andmore »