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  1. Abstract

    Iron diantimonide is a material with the highest known thermoelectric power. By combining scanning transmission electron microscopic study with electronic transport neutron, X-ray scattering, and first principle calculation, we identify atomic defects that control colossal thermopower magnitude and nanoprecipitate clusters with Sb vacancy ordering, which induce additional phonon scattering and substantially reduce thermal conductivity. Defects are found to cause rather weak but important monoclinic distortion of the unit cellPnnm → Pm. The absence of Sb along [010] for high defect concentration forms conducting path due to Fedorbital overlap. The connection between atomic defect anisotropy and colossal thermopower in FeSb2paves the waymore »for the understanding and tailoring of giant thermopower in related materials.

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  2. The organic metal halide hybrids welcome a new member with a one-dimensional (1D) tubular structure. Herein we report the synthesis and characterization of a single crystalline bulk assembly of organic metal halide nanotubes, (C 6 H 13 N 4 ) 3 Pb 2 Br 7 . In a metal halide nanotube, six face-sharing metal halide dimers (Pb 2 Br 9 5− ) connect at the corners to form rings that extend in one dimension, of which the inside and outside surfaces are coated with protonated hexamethylenetetramine (HMTA) cations (C 6 H 13 N 4 + ). This unique 1D tubularmore »structure possesses highly localized electronic states with strong quantum confinement, resulting in the formation of self-trapped excitons that give strongly Stokes shifted broadband yellowish-white emission with a photoluminescence quantum efficiency (PLQE) of ∼7%. Having realized single crystalline bulk assemblies of two-dimensional (2D) wells, 1D wires, and now 1D tubes using organic metal halide hybrids, our work significantly advances the research on bulk assemblies of quantum-confined materials.« less