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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 16, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 14, 2023
  3. Developing chemically and thermally stable, highly efficient green-emitting inorganic phosphors is a significant challenge in solid-state lighting. One accessible pathway for achieving green emission is by forming a solid solution with superior blue-emitting materials. In this work, we demonstrate that the cyan-emission ( λ em = 481 nm) of the BaScO 2 F:Eu 2+ perovskite can be red-shifted by forming a solid solution following (Ba 1− x Sr x ) 0.98 Eu 0.02 ScO 2 F ( x = 0, 0.075, 0.15, 0.25, 0.33, 0.40). Although green emission is achieved ( λ em = 516 nm) as desired, the thermal quenching (TQ) resistance is reduced, and the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) drops by 65%. Computation reveals the source of these changes. Surprisingly, a basic density functional theory analysis shows the gradual Sr Ba substitution has negligible effects on the band gap ( E g ) energy, suggesting the activation energy barrier for the thermal ionization quenching remains unchanged, while the nearly constant Debye temperature indicates no loss of average structural rigidity to explain the decrease in the PLQY. Instead, temperature-dependent ab initio molecular dynamics (AIMD) simulations show that gradual changes of the Eu 2+ ion's local coordination environment rigidity aremore »responsible for the drop in the observed TQ and PLQY. These results express the need to computationally analyze the local rare-earth environment as a function of temperature to understand the fundamental origin of optical properties in new inorganic phosphors.« less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 24, 2023
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 22, 2023
  5. The proliferation of energy-efficient light-emitting diode (LED) lighting has resulted in continued exposure to blue light, which has been linked to cataract formation, circadian disruption, and mood disorders. Blue light can be readily minimized in pursuit of “human-centric” lighting using a violet LED chip (λem ≈ 405 nm) downconverted by red, green, and blue-emitting phosphors. However, few phosphors efficiently convert violet light to blue light. This work reports a new phosphor that meets this demand. Na2MgPO4F:Eu2+ can be excited by a violet LED yielding an efficient, bright blue emission. The material also shows zero thermal quenching and has outstanding chromatic stability. The chemical robustness of the phosphor was also confirmed through prolonged exposure to water and high temperatures. A prototype device using a 405 nm LED, Na2MgPO4F:Eu2+, and a green and red-emitting phosphor produces a warm white light with a higher color rendering index than a commercially purchased LED light bulb while significantly reducing the blue component. These results demonstrate the capability of Na2MgPO4F:Eu2+ as a next-generation phosphor capable of advancing human-centric lighting.