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  1. Abstract

    Quantum information processing and quantum sensing is a central topic for researchers who are part of the Materials Research Society and the Quantum Staging Group is providing leadership and guidance in this context. We convened a workshop before the 2022 MRS Spring Meeting and covered four topics to explore challenges that need to be addressed to further promote and accelerate the development of materials with applications in quantum technologies. This article captures the discussions at this workshop and refers to the pertinent literature.

    Graphical abstract 
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  2. Abstract Van der Waals (vdW) material Fe 5 GeTe 2 , with its long-range ferromagnetic ordering near room temperature, has significant potential to become an enabling platform for implementing novel spintronic and quantum devices. To pave the way for applications, it is crucial to determine the magnetic properties when the thickness of Fe 5 GeTe 2 reaches the few-layers regime. However, this is highly challenging due to the need for a characterization technique that is local, highly sensitive, artifact-free, and operational with minimal fabrication. Prior studies have indicated that Curie temperature T C can reach up to close to room temperature for exfoliated Fe 5 GeTe 2 flakes, as measured via electrical transport; there is a need to validate these results with a measurement that reveals magnetism more directly. In this work, we investigate the magnetic properties of exfoliated thin flakes of vdW magnet Fe 5 GeTe 2 via quantum magnetic imaging technique based on nitrogen vacancy centers in diamond. Through imaging the stray fields, we confirm room-temperature magnetic order in Fe 5 GeTe 2 thin flakes with thickness down to 7 units cell. The stray field patterns and their response to magnetizing fields with different polarities is consistent with previously reported perpendicular easy-axis anisotropy. Furthermore, we perform imaging at different temperatures and determine the Curie temperature of the flakes at ≈300 K. These results provide the basis for realizing a room-temperature monolayer ferromagnet with Fe 5 GeTe 2 . This work also demonstrates that the imaging technique enables rapid screening of multiple flakes simultaneously as well as time-resolved imaging for monitoring time-dependent magnetic behaviors, thereby paving the way towards high throughput characterization of potential two-dimensional (2D) magnets near room temperature and providing critical insights into the evolution of domain behaviors in 2D magnets due to degradation. 
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  3. Strain engineering is a natural route to control the electronic and optical properties of two-dimensional (2D) materials. Recently, 2D semiconductors have also been demonstrated as an intriguing host of strain-induced quantum-confined emitters with unique valley properties inherited from the host semiconductor. Here, we study the continuous and reversible tuning of the light emitted by such localized emitters in a monolayer tungsten diselenide embedded in a van der Waals heterostructure. Biaxial strain is applied on the emitters via strain transfer from a lead magnesium niobate–lead titanate (PMN-PT) piezoelectric substrate. Efficient modulation of the emission energy of several localized emitters up to 10 meV has been demonstrated on application of a voltage on the piezoelectric substrate. Further, we also find that the emission axis rotates by∼<#comment/>40∘<#comment/>as the magnitude of the biaxial strain is varied on these emitters. These results elevate the prospect of using all electrically controlled devices where the property of the localized emitters in a 2D host can be engineered with elastic fields for an integrated opto-electronics and nano-photonics platform.

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