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Creators/Authors contains: "Charalambous, Panagiotis"

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  1. A bstract Perturbations of massless fields in the Kerr-Newman black hole background enjoy a (“Love”) SL(2 , ℝ) symmetry in the suitably defined near zone approximation. We present a detailed study of this symmetry and show how the intricate behavior of black hole responses in four and higher dimensions can be understood from the SL(2 , ℝ) representation theory. In particular, static perturbations of four-dimensional black holes belong to highest weight SL(2 , ℝ) representations. It is this highest weight properety that forces the static Love numbers to vanish. We find that the Love symmetry is tightly connected to the enhanced isometries of extremal black holes. This relation is simplest for extremal charged spherically symmetric (Reissner-Nordström) solutions, where the Love symmetry exactly reduces to the isometry of the near horizon AdS 2 throat. For rotating (Kerr-Newman) black holes one is lead to consider an infinite-dimensional SL(2 , ℝ) ⋉ $$ \hat{\textrm{U}}{(1)}_{\mathcal{V}} $$ U ̂ 1 V extension of the Love symmetry. It contains three physically distinct subalgebras: the Love algebra, the Starobinsky near zone algebra, and the near horizon algebra that becomes the Bardeen-Horowitz isometry in the extremal limit. We also discuss other aspects of the Love symmetry, such as the geometric meaning of its generators for spin weighted fields, connection to the no-hair theorems, non-renormalization of Love numbers, its relation to (non-extremal) Kerr/CFT correspondence and prospects of its existence in modified theories of gravity. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    A bstract It was shown recently that the static tidal response coefficients, called Love numbers, vanish identically for Kerr black holes in four dimensions. In this work, we confirm this result and extend it to the case of spin-0 and spin-1 perturbations. We compute the static response of Kerr black holes to scalar, electromagnetic, and gravitational fields at all orders in black hole spin. We use the unambiguous and gauge-invariant definition of Love numbers and their spin-0 and spin-1 analogs as Wilson coefficients of the point particle effective field theory. This definition also allows one to clearly distinguish between conservative and dissipative response contributions. We demonstrate that the behavior of Kerr black hole responses to spin-0 and spin-1 fields is very similar to that of the spin-2 perturbations. In particular, static conservative responses vanish identically for spinning black holes. This implies that vanishing Love numbers are a generic property of black holes in four-dimensional general relativity. We also show that the dissipative part of the response does not vanish even for static perturbations due to frame-dragging. 
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