skip to main content


The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 10:00 PM ET on Friday, December 8 until 2:00 AM ET on Saturday, December 9 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Chatterjee, Sourav"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 1, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2024
  4. Free, publicly-accessible full text available February 1, 2024
  5. Abstract

    Over the course of several years, stars trace helical trajectories as they traverse across the sky due to the combined effects of proper motion and parallax. It is well known that the gravitational pull of an unseen companion can cause deviations to these tracks. Several studies have pointed out that the astrometric mission Gaia will be able to identify a slew of new exoplanets, stellar binaries, and compact object companions with orbital periods as short as tens of days to as long as Gaia's lifetime. Here, we use mock astrometric observations to demonstrate that Gaia can identify and characterize black hole companions to luminous stars with orbital periods longer than Gaia's lifetime. Such astrometric binaries have orbital periods too long to exhibit complete orbits, and instead are identified through curvature in their characteristic helical paths. By simultaneously measuring the radius of this curvature and the orbital velocity, constraints can be placed on the underlying orbit. We quantify the precision with which Gaia can measure orbital accelerations and apply that to model predictions for the population of black holes orbiting stars in the stellar neighborhood. Although orbital degeneracies imply that many of the accelerations induced by hidden black holes could also be explained by faint low-mass stars, we discuss how the nature of certain putative black hole companions can be confirmed with high confidence using Gaia data alone.

    more » « less
  6. Abstract

    The theory of stellar escape from globular clusters (GCs) dates back nearly a century, especially the gradual evaporation of GCs via two-body relaxation coupled with external tides. More violent ejection can also occur via strong gravitational scattering, supernovae, gravitational wave-driven mergers, tidal disruption events, and physical collisions, but comprehensive study of the many escape mechanisms has been limited. Recent exquisite kinematic data from the Gaia space telescope has revealed numerous stellar streams in the Milky Way (MW) and traced the origin of many to specific MWGCs, highlighting the need for further examination of stellar escape from these clusters. In this study, the first of a series, we lay the groundwork for detailed follow-up comparisons between Cluster Monte Carlo GC models and the latest Gaia data on the outskirts of MWGCs, their tidal tails, and associated streams. We thoroughly review escape mechanisms from GCs and examine their relative contributions to the escape rate, ejection velocities, and escaper demographics. We show for the first time that three-body binary formation may dominate high-speed ejection from typical MWGCs, potentially explaining some of the hypervelocity stars in the MW. Due to their mass, black holes strongly catalyze this process, and their loss at the onset of observable core collapse, characterized by a steep central brightness profile, dramatically curtails three-body binary formation, despite the increased post-collapse density. We also demonstrate that even when born from a thermal eccentricity distribution, escaping binaries have significantly nonthermal eccentricities consistent with the roughly uniform distribution observed in the Galactic field.

    more » « less
  7. Abstract

    Ballistic deposition is one of the many models of interface growth that are believed to be in the KPZ universality class, but have so far proved to be largely intractable mathematically. In this model, blocks of size one fall independently as Poisson processes at each site on the ‐dimensional lattice, and either attach themselves to the column growing at that site, or to the side of an adjacent column, whichever comes first. It is not hard to see that if we subtract off the height of the column at the origin from the heights of the other columns, the resulting interface process is Markovian. The main result of this article is that this Markov process has at least one invariant probability measure. We conjecture that the invariant measure is not unique, and provide some partial evidence.

    more » « less