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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  2. Abstract

    Solid-oxide fuel cells (SOFCs) offer great promise for producing electricity using a wide variety of fuels such as natural gas, coal gas and gasified carbonaceous solids; however, conventional nickel-based anodes face great challenges due to contaminants in readily available fuels, especially sulphur-containing compounds. Thus, the development of new anode materials that can suppress sulphur poisoning is crucial to the realization of fuel-flexible and cost-effective SOFCs. In this work, La0.1Sr1.9Fe1.4Ni0.1Mo0.5O6–δ (LSFNM) and Pr0.1Sr1.9Fe1.4Ni0.1Mo0.5O6–δ (PSFNM) materials have been synthesized using a sol-gel method in air and investigated as anode materials for SOFCs. Metallic nanoparticle-decorated ceramic anodes were obtained by the reduction of LSFNM and PSFNM in H2 at 850°C, forming a Ruddlesden–Popper oxide with exsolved FeNi3 bimetallic nanoparticles. The electrochemical performance of the Sr2Fe1.4Ni0.1Mo0.5O6–δ ceramic anode was greatly enhanced by La doping of A-sites, resulting in a 44% decrease in the polarization resistance in reducing atmosphere. The maximum power densities of Sr- and Mg-doped LaGaO3 (LSGM) (300 μm) electrolyte-supported single cells with LSFNM as the anode reached 1.371 W cm −2 in H2 and 1.306 W cm–2 in 50 ppm H2S–H2 at 850°C. Meanwhile, PSFNM showed improved sulphur tolerance, which could be fully recovered after six cycles from H2 to 50 ppm H2S–H2 operation. This study indicates that LSFNM and PSFNM are promising high-performance anodes for SOFCs.

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