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  1. Establishing a coherent interaction between a material resonance and an optical cavity is a necessary first step to study semiconductor quantum optics. Here we report on the signature of a coherent interaction between a two-dimensional excitonic transition in monolayer MoSe2and a zero-dimensional, ultra-low mode volume (Vm ∼ 2(λ/n)3) on-chip photonic crystal nanocavity. This coherent interaction manifests as a dispersive shift of the cavity transmission spectrum, when the exciton-cavity detuning is decreased via temperature tuning. The exciton-cavity coupling is estimated to be ≈6.5 meV, with a cooperativity of ≈4.0 at 80 K, showing our material system is on the verge of strong coupling. The small mode-volume of the resonator is instrumental in reaching the strongly nonlinear regime, while on-chip cavities will help create a scalable quantum photonic platform.

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  5. Abstract

    A key obstacle for all quantum information science and engineering platforms is their lack of scalability. The discovery of emergent quantum phenomena and their applications in active photonic quantum technologies have been dominated by work with single atoms, self‐assembled quantum dots, or single solid‐state defects. Unfortunately, scaling these systems to many quantum nodes remains a significant challenge. Solution‐processed quantum materials are uniquely positioned to address this challenge, but the quantum properties of these materials have remained generally inferior to those of solid‐state emitters or atoms. Additionally, systematic integration of solution‐processed materials with dielectric nanophotonic structures has been rare compared to other solid‐state systems. Recent progress in synthesis processes and nanophotonic engineering, however, has demonstrated promising results, including long coherence times of emitted single photons and deterministic integration of emitters with dielectric nano‐cavities. In this review article, these recent experiments using solution‐processed quantum materials and dielectric nanophotonic structures are discussed. The progress in non‐classical light state generation, exciton‐polaritonics for quantum simulation, and spin‐physics in these materials is discussed and an outlook for this emerging research field is provided.

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