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Creators/Authors contains: "Chi, Miaofang"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 11, 2023
  2. A review highlights improvements in synthesizing and stabilizing multielement nanoparticles.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available April 8, 2023
  3. In this investigation, the improved electrochemical behavior in Si-doped Li-rich cathodes is studied with scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS). Z-contrast images show a layered structure that develops a thin, spinel-like surface layer after the first charge cycle. Si-doping increases discharge capacity by ∼25% and appears to retard the surface phase transformation. Based on electron energy loss spectra, the surface layer in the doped material has an altered oxygen electronic environment, which supports the STEM findings. Furthermore, Si-doping changes the redox behavior during the activation cycle. Density functional theory calculations indicate that Si-doping can increase oxygen vacancy formation, and change the sequence of the redox couples by introducing more oxygen vacancies before or during the typical high voltage activation process. The results of this work indicate that the type of doping employed here is an effective strategy for controlling the complex charge compensation mechanisms in lithium-rich cathodes.
  4. Memristor devices have been extensively studied as one of the most promising technologies for next-generation non-volatile memory. However, for the memristor devices to have a real technological impact, they must be densely packed in a large crossbar array (CBA) exceeding Gigabytes in size. Devising a selector device that is CMOS compatible, 3D stackable, and has a high non-linearity (NL) and great endurance is a crucial enabling ingredient to reach this goal. Tunneling based selectors are very promising in these aspects, but the mediocre NL value limits their applications in large passive crossbar arrays. In this work, we demonstrated a trilayer tunneling selector based on the Ge/Pt/TaN 1+x /Ta 2 O 5 /TaN 1+x /Pd layers that could achieve a NL of 3 × 10 5 , which is the highest NL achieved using a tunnel selector so far. The record-high tunneling NL is partially attributed to the bottom electrode's ultra-smoothness (BE) induced by a Ge/Pt layer. We further demonstrated the feasibility of 1S1R (1-selector 1-resistor) integration by vertically integrating a Pd/Ta 2 O 5 /Ru based memristor on top of the proposed selector.