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  1. Abstract The topological features of optical vortices have been opening opportunities for free-space and on-chip photonic technologies, e.g., for multiplexed optical communications and robust information transport. In a parallel but disjoint effort, polar anisotropic van der Waals nanomaterials supporting hyperbolic phonon polaritons (HP 2 s) have been leveraged to drastically boost light-matter interactions. So far HP 2 studies have been mainly focusing on the control of their amplitude and scale features. Here we report the generation and observation of mid-infrared hyperbolic polariton vortices (HP 2 Vs) associated with reconfigurable topological charges. Spiral-shaped gold disks coated with a flake of hexagonal boron nitride are exploited to tailor spin–orbit interactions and realise deeply subwavelength HP 2 Vs. The complex interplay between excitation spin, spiral geometry and HP 2 dispersion enables robust reconfigurability of the associated topological charges. Our results reveal unique opportunities to extend the application of HP 2 s into topological photonics, quantum information processing by integrating these phenomena with single-photon emitters, robust on-chip optical applications, sensing and nanoparticle manipulation. 
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  3. Abstract

    Atomically thin, two-dimensional, transition-metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers have recently emerged as a versatile platform for optoelectronics. Their appeal stems from a tunable direct bandgap in the visible and near-infrared regions, the ability to enable strong coupling to light, and the unique opportunity to address the valley degree of freedom over atomically thin layers. Additionally, monolayer TMDs can host defect-bound localized excitons that behave as single-photon emitters, opening exciting avenues for highly integrated 2D quantum photonic circuitry. By introducing plasmonic nanostructures and metasurfaces, one may effectively enhance light harvesting, direct valley-polarized emission, and route valley index. This review article focuses on these critical aspects to develop integrated photonic and valleytronic applications by exploiting exciton–plasmon coupling over a new hybrid material platform.

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