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  1. Perovskite offers a framework that boasts various functionalities and physical properties of interest such as ferroelectricity, magnetic orderings, multiferroicity, superconductivity, semiconductor, and optoelectronic properties owing to their rich compositional diversity. These properties are also uniquely tied to their crystal distortion which is directly affected by lattice strain. Therefore, many important properties of perovskite can be further tuned through strain engineering which can be accomplished by chemical doping or simply element substitution, interface engineering in epitaxial thin films, and special architectures such as nanocomposites. In this review, we focus on and highlight the structure–property relationships of perovskite metal oxide films and elucidate the principles to manipulate the functionalities through different modalities of strain engineering approaches.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 28, 2022
  3. In this paper, we demonstrated large-size free-standing single-crystal β-Ga 2 O 3 NMs fabricated by the hydrogen implantation and lift-off process directly from MOCVD grown β-Ga 2 O 3 epifilms on native substrates. The optimum implantation conditions were simulated with a Monte-Carlo simulation method to obtain a high hydrogen concentration with a narrow ion distribution at the desired depth. Two as grown β-Ga 2 O 3 samples with different orientations ([100] and [001]) were used to successfully create 1.2 μm thick β-Ga 2 O 3 NMs without any physical damage. These β-Ga 2 O 3 NMs were then transfer-printed onto rigid and flexible substrates such as SiC and polyimide substrates. Various material characterization studies were performed to investigate their crystal quality, surface morphologies, optical properties, mechanical properties, and bandgaps before and after the lift-off and revealed that the good material quality was maintained. This result offers several benefits in that the thickness, doping, and size of β-Ga 2 O 3 NMs can be fully controlled. Moreover, more advanced β-Ga 2 O 3 -based NM structures such as (Al x Ga 1−x ) 2 O 3 /Ga 2 O 3 heterostructure NMs can be directly created from their bulk epitaxy substrates;more »thus this study provides a viable route for the realization of high performance β-Ga 2 O 3 NM-based electronics and optoelectronics that can be built on various substrates and platforms.« less
  4. Here, in ionically conducting Na 0.5 Bi 0.5 TiO 3 (NBT), we explore the link between growth parameters, stoichiometry and resistive switching behavior and show NBT to be a highly tunable system. We show that the combination of oxygen ionic vacancies and low-level electronic conduction is important for controlling Schottky barrier interfacial switching. We achieve a large ON/OFF ratio for high resistance/low resistance ( R HRS / R LRS ), enabled by an almost constant R HRS of ∼10 9 Ω, and composition-tunable R LRS value modulated by growth temperature. R HRS / R LRS ratios of up to 10 4 and pronounced resistive switching at low voltages (SET voltage of <1.2 V without high-voltage electroforming), strong endurance (no change in resistance states after several 10 3 cycles), uniformity, stable switching and fast switching speed are achieved. Of particular interest is that the best performance is achieved at the lowest growth temperature studied (600 °C), which is opposite to the case of most other perovskite oxides for memristors, where higher growth temperatures are required for optimum performance. This is understood based on the oxygen vacancy control of interfacial switching in NBT, whereas a range of other mechanisms (including filamentary switching)more »occur in other perovskites. The study of NBT has enabled us to determine key parameters for achieving high performance memristors.« less