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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 27, 2023
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available May 5, 2023
  3. Abstract A superconducting diode is an electronic device that conducts supercurrent and exhibits zero resistance primarily for one direction of applied current. Such a dissipationless diode is a desirable unit for constructing electronic circuits with ultralow power consumption. However, realizing a superconducting diode is fundamentally and technologically challenging, as it usually requires a material structure without a centre of inversion, which is scarce among superconducting materials. Here, we demonstrate a superconducting diode achieved in a conventional superconducting film patterned with a conformal array of nanoscale holes, which breaks the spatial inversion symmetry. We showcase the superconducting diode effect through switchable and reversible rectification signals, which can be three orders of magnitude larger than that from a flux-quantum diode. The introduction of conformal potential landscapes for creating a superconducting diode is thereby proven as a convenient, tunable, yet vastly advantageous tool for superconducting electronics. This could be readily applicable to any superconducting materials, including cuprates and iron-based superconductors that have higher transition temperatures and are desirable in device applications.
  4. A wide variety of two-dimensional (2D) metal dichalcogenide compounds have recently attracted much research interest due to their very high photoresponsivities (R) making them excellent candidates for optoelectronic applications. High R in 2D photoconductors is associated to trap state dynamics leading to a photogating effect, which is often manifested by a fractional power dependence (γ) of the photocurrent (I ph ) when under an effective illumination intensity (P eff ). Here we present photoconductivity studies as a function of gate voltages, over a wide temperature range (20 K to 300 K) of field-effect transistors fabricated using thin layers of mechanically exfoliated rhenium diselenide (ReSe 2 ). We obtain very high responsivities R ~ 16500 A/W and external quantum efficiency (EQE) ~ 3.2 x 10 6 % (at 140 K, V g = 60 V and P eff = 0.2 nW). A strong correlation between R and γ was established by investigating the dependence of these two quantities at various gate voltages and over a wide range of temperature. Such correlations indicate the importance of trap state mediated photogating and its role in promoting high photo responsivities in these materials. We believe such correlations can offer valuable insights for the designmore »and development of high performance photoactive devices using 2D materials.« less
  5. The Metal-Insulator phase transition (MIT) is one of the most interesting phenomena to study particularly in two-dimensional transition-metal dichalcogendes (TMDCs). A few recent studies1,2 have indicated a possible MIT on MoS2 and ReS2, but the nature of the MIT is still enigmatic due to the interplay between charge carriers and disorder in 2D systems. We will present a potential MIT in few-layered MoSe2 FETs based on four-terminal conductivity measurements. Conductivities measured in multiple samples strongly demonstrate the insulating-to-metallic-like phase transition when the charge carrier density increased above a critical threshold. The nature of the phase transition will be discussed with an existing theoretical model. 1B. H. Moon et al, Nat Commun. 2018; 9: 2052. 2N. R. Pradhan et al, Nano Lett. 2015, 15, 12, 8377 *This work was performed, in part, at the Center for Nanoscale Materials, a U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science User Facility, and supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, under Contract No. DE-AC02-06CH11357. This work is also supported by NSF-DMR #1826886 and # 1900692. A portion of this work was performed at the NHMFL, which is supported by the NSF Cooperative Agreement No. DMR-1644779 and the State of Florida
  6. We report intrinsic photoconductivity studies on one of the least examined layered compounds, ZrS2.Few-atomic layer ZrS2 field-effect transistors were fabricated on the Si/SiO2 substrate and photoconductivity measurements were performed using both two- and four-terminal configurations under the illumination of 532 nm laser source. We measured photocurrent as a function of the incident optical power at several source-drain (bias) voltages. We observe a significantly large photoconductivity when measured in the multiterminal (four-terminal) configuration compared to that in the two-terminal configuration. For an incident optical power of 90 nW, the estimated photosensitivity and the external quantum efficiency (EQE) measured in two-terminal configuration are 0.5 A/W and 120%, respectively, under a bias voltage of 650 mV. Under the same conditions, the four-terminal measurements result in much higher values for both the photoresponsivity (R) and EQE to 6 A/W and 1400%, respectively. This significant improvement in photoresponsivity and EQE   in the four-terminal configuration may have been influenced by the reduction of contact resistance at the metal-semiconductor interface, which greatly impacts the carrier mobility of low conducting materials. This suggests that photoconductivity measurements performed through the two-terminal configuration in previous studies on ZrS2 and other 2D materials have severely underestimated the true intrinsic properties of transition metal dichalcogenidesmore »and their remarkable potential for optoelectronic applications.« less