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Creators/Authors contains: "Fang, Qihong"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2024
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  3. High‐entropy alloys (HEAs) exhibit the outstanding properties, such as excellent antibacterial property, remarkable biocompatibility, and superior corrosion resistance, in the field of biomedical applications. Herein, the biomedical function of HEAs is summarized in aspects of the antibacterial behavior against planktonic gram‐negative/gram‐positive bacteria and biofilms, the biocompatibility inspired by low‐cytotoxicity alloying elements. Considering the corrosive service environment of biomedical device, the corrosion behavior and mechanism are discussed in terms of alloying elements (Al, Ni, Cr, and Cu) and microstructure (phase composition and grain size). Additionally, the promising approaches to simultaneously achieve biomedical function and corrosion resistance, the possible application of additive manufacturing, and the prospective effects of short‐range orderings on the corrosion resistance are simply discussed.

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  4. Superhigh-temperature strengths are achieved in an alloy by eutectic-carbide reinforcement and multiprincipal-element mixing. 
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  5. Multi-principal element alloys (MPEAs) with remarkable performances possess great potential as structural, functional, and smart materials. However, their efficient performance-orientated design in a wide range of compositions and types is an extremely challenging issue, because of properties strongly dependent upon the composition and composition-dominated microstructure. Here, we propose a multistage-design approach integrating machine learning, physical laws and a mathematical model for developing the desired-property MPEAs in a very time-efficient way. Compared to the existing physical model- or machine-learning-assisted material development, the forward-and-inverse problems, including identifying the target property and unearthing the optimal composition, can be tackled with better efficiency and higher accuracy using our proposed avenue, which defeats the one-step component-performance design strategy by multistage-design coupling constraints. Furthermore, we developed a new multi-phase MPEA at the minimal time and cost, whose high strength-ductility synergy exceeded those of its system and subsystem reported so far by searching for the optimal combination of phase fraction and composition. The present work suggests that the property-guided composition and microstructure are precisely tailored through the newly built approach with significant reductions of the development period and cost, which is readily extendable to other multi-principal element materials. 
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