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Creators/Authors contains: "Homaifar, Abdollah"

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  1. This paper addresses the problem of detecting pedestrians using an enhanced object detection method. In particular, the paper considers the occluded pedestrian detection problem in autonomous driving scenarios where the balance of performance between accuracy and speed is crucial. Existing works focus on learning representations of unique persons independent of body parts semantics. To achieve a real-time performance along with robust detection, we introduce a body parts based pedestrian detection architecture where body parts are fused through a computationally effective constraint optimization technique. We demonstrate that our method significantly improves detection accuracy while adding negligible runtime overhead. We evaluate our method using a real-world dataset. Experimental results show that the proposed method outperforms existing pedestrian detection methods. 
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  2. The non-stationary nature of data streams strongly challenges traditional machine learning techniques. Although some solutions have been proposed to extend traditional machine learning techniques for handling data streams, these approaches either require an initial label set or rely on specialized design parameters. The overlap among classes and the labeling of data streams constitute other major challenges for classifying data streams. In this paper, we proposed a clustering-based data stream classification framework to handle non-stationary data streams without utilizing an initial label set. A density-based stream clustering procedure is used to capture novel concepts with a dynamic threshold and an effective active label querying strategy is introduced to continuously learn the new concepts from the data streams. The sub-cluster structure of each cluster is explored to handle the overlap among classes. Experimental results and quantitative comparison studies reveal that the proposed method provides statistically better or comparable performance than the existing methods.

     
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  3. null (Ed.)
  4. Abstract

    Connected autonomous vehicles (CAVs) have the potential to deal with the steady increase in road traffic while solving transportation related issues such as traffic congestion, pollution, and road safety. Therefore, CAVs are becoming increasingly popular and viewed as the next generation transportation solution. Although modular advancements have been achieved in the development of CAVs, these efforts are not fully integrated to operationalize CAVs in realistic driving scenarios. This paper surveys a wide range of efforts reported in the literature about the CAV developments, summarizes the CAV impacts from a statistical perspective, explores current state of practice in the field of CAVs in terms of autonomy technologies, communication backbone, and computation needs. Furthermore, this paper provides general guidance on how transportation infrastructures need to be prepared in order to effectively operationalize CAVs. The paper also identifies challenges that need to be addressed in near future for effective and reliable adoption of CAVs.

     
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