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Creators/Authors contains: "Kang, Hyunook"

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  1. Abstract

    Structural and mechanistic studies on human odorant receptors (ORs), key in olfactory signaling, are challenging because of their low surface expression in heterologous cells. The recent structure of OR51E2 bound to propionate provided molecular insight into odorant recognition, but the lack of an inactive OR structure limited understanding of the activation mechanism of ORs upon odorant binding. Here, we determined the cryo-electron microscopy structures of consensus OR52 (OR52cs), a representative of the OR52 family, in the ligand-free (apo) and octanoate-bound states. The apo structure of OR52csreveals a large opening between transmembrane helices (TMs) 5 and 6. A comparison between the apo and active structures of OR52csdemonstrates the inward and outward movements of the extracellular and intracellular segments of TM6, respectively. These results, combined with molecular dynamics simulations and signaling assays, shed light on the molecular mechanisms of odorant binding and activation of the OR52 family.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  2. Abstract

    Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is highly abundant in the brain and involved in various physiological processes related to food intake and anxiety, as well as human diseases such as obesity and cancer. However, the molecular details of the interactions between NPY and its receptors are poorly understood. Here, we report a cryo-electron microscopy structure of the NPY-bound neuropeptide Y1 receptor (Y1R) in complex with Gi1protein. The NPY C-terminal segment forming the extended conformation binds deep into the Y1R transmembrane core, where the amidated C-terminal residue Y36 of NPY is located at the base of the ligand-binding pocket. Furthermore, the helical region and two N-terminal residues of NPY interact with Y1R extracellular loops, contributing to the high affinity of NPY for Y1R. The structural analysis of NPY-bound Y1R and mutagenesis studies provide molecular insights into the activation mechanism of Y1R upon NPY binding.

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