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  1. This work presents a stable and reliable turnkey continuous-wave laser system for a Yb/Ba multi-species trapped-ion quantum computer. The compact and rack-mountable optics system exhibits high robustness, operating over a year without realignment, regardless of temperature changes in the laboratory. The overall optical system is divided into a few isolated modules interconnected by optical fibers for easy maintenance. The light sources are frequency-stabilized by comparing their frequency with two complementary references, a commercial Fizeau wavelength meter and a high-finesse optical cavity. This scheme enables automatic frequency-stabilization for days with a sub-MHz precision. 
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  2. We report the fabrication of Ag–Au cuboctahedral nanoboxes enclosed by {100} and {111} facets, respectively, through the orthogonal deposition of Au on two different facets of Ag cuboctahedra. Specifically, we titrate aqueous HAuCl 4 into an aqueous mixture containing Ag cuboctahedra, ascorbic acid, and NaOH (under basic conditions), in the presence of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and cetyltrimethylammonium chloride (CTAC), respectively. In the case of PVP, the oxidation of Ag was initiated from the {111} facets of the cuboctahedra through the galvanic replacement reaction between Au( iii ) and Ag, accompanied by the deposition of Au onto the {100} facets. Because the dissolved Ag( i ) ions could react with NaOH to form Ag 2 O on the {111} facets and thus terminate the galvanic reaction, the Au( iii ) ions would be further reduced by the ascorbate monoanion (HAsc − ) to generate Au atoms for their continuing deposition on the {100} facets, converting Ag cuboctahedra to Ag@Au {100} cuboctahedra. Upon the etching of Ag from the core, we obtained Ag–Au cuboctahedral nanoboxes enclosed by {100} facets. In contrast, when CTAC was present, the oxidation of Ag through a galvanic reaction could continuously proceed on {100} facets as the dissolved Ag( i ) ions would react with the excessive amount of Cl − ions derived from CTAC to produce soluble AgCl 2 − ions rather than insoluble Ag 2 O. As a result, the dissolved Ag( i ) and Au( iii ) ions would be co-reduced by HAsc − for the generation of Ag and Au atoms, followed by their co-deposition onto {111} facets for the generation of Ag@Au {111} concave cuboctahedra. After the removal of Ag from the core by etching, we obtained Ag–Au {111} cuboctahedral nanoboxes enclosed by {111} facets. Both samples of cuboctahedral nanoboxes exhibited strong optical absorption in the infrared region. Interestingly, the cuboctahedral nanoboxes enclosed by {111} facets showed significantly enhanced catalytic activity toward the reduction of 4-nitrophenol by NaBH 4 relative to their counterparts encased by {100} facets. 
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  3. We report a facile route to the synthesis of Ag@Au–Pt trimetallic nanocubes in which the Ag, Au, and Pt atoms are exposed at the corners, side faces, and edges, respectively. Our success relies on the use of Ag@Au nanocubes, with Ag 2 O patches at the corners and Au on the side faces and edges, as seeds for the site-selective deposition of Pt on the edges only in a reaction system containing ascorbic acid (H 2 Asc) and poly(vinylpyrrolidone). At an initial pH of 3.2, H 2 Asc can dissolve the Ag 2 O patches, exposing the Ag atoms at the corners of a nanocube. Upon the injection of the H 2 PtCl 6 precursor, the Pt atoms derived from the reduction by both H 2 Asc and Ag are preferentially deposited on the edges, leading to the formation of Ag@Au–Pt trimetallic nanocubes. We demonstrate the use of 2,6-dimethylphenyl isocyanide as a molecular probe to confirm and monitor the deposition of Pt atoms on the edges of nanocubes through surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS). We further explore the use of these bifunctional trimetallic nanoparticles with integrated plasmonic and catalytic properties for in situ SERS monitoring the reduction of 4-nitrothiophenol by NaBH 4 . Upon the removal of Ag via H 2 O 2 etching, the Ag@Au–Pt nanocubes evolve into trimetallic nanoboxes with a wall thickness of about 2 nm and well-defined openings at the corners. The trimetallic nanoboxes embrace plasmon resonance peaks in the near-infrared region with potential in biomedical applications. 
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