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A bstract We study the large charge sector of the defect CFT defined by the halfBPS Wilson loop in planar N = 4 supersymmetric YangMills theory. Specifically, we consider correlation functions of two large charge insertions and several light insertions in the doublescaling limit where the ’t Hooft coupling λ and the large charge J are sent to infinity, with the ratio J/ $$ \sqrt{\lambda } $$ λ held fixed. They are holographically dual to the expectation values of light vertex operators on a classical string solution with large angular momentum, which we evaluate in the leading large J limit. We also compute the twopoint function of large charge insertions by evaluating the onshell string action, supplemented by the boundary terms that generalize the one introduced by Drukker, Gross and Ooguri for the Wilson loop without insertions. For a special class of correlation functions, we reproduce the string results from field theory by using supersymmetric localization. The results are given by correlation functions in an “emergent” matrix model whose matrix size is proportional to J and whose spectral curve coincides with that of the classical string. Similar matrix models appeared in the study of extremal correlators in rank1 $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 2 superconformal field theories, but our results hold also for nonextremal cases.more » « less

null (Ed.)A bstract The 1/2BPS Wilson loop in $$ \mathcal{N} $$ N = 4 supersymmetric YangMills theory is an important and wellstudied example of conformal defect. In particular, much work has been done for the correlation functions of operator insertions on the Wilson loop in the fundamental representation. In this paper, we extend such analyses to Wilson loops in the largerank symmetric and antisymmetric representations, which correspond to probe D3 and D5 branes with AdS 2 × S 2 and AdS 2 × S 4 worldvolume geometries, ending at the AdS 5 boundary along a onedimensional contour. We first compute the correlation functions of protected scalar insertions from supersymmetric localization, and obtain a representation in terms of multiple integrals that are similar to the eigenvalue integrals of the random matrix, but with important differences. Using ideas from the Fermi Gas formalism and the Clustering method, we evaluate their large N limit exactly as a function of the ’t Hooft coupling. The results are given by simple integrals of polynomials that resemble the Q functions of the Quantum Spectral Curve, with integration measures depending on the number of insertions. Next, we study the correlation functions of fluctuations on the probe D3 and D5 branes in AdS. We compute a selection of three and fourpoint functions from perturbation theory on the Dbranes, and show that they agree with the results of localization when restricted to supersymmetric kinematics. We also explain how the difference of the internal geometries of the D3 and D5 branes manifests itself in the localization computation.more » « less