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Creators/Authors contains: "Kuang, Bingyu"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 1, 2025
  2. Abstract

    Previously, we identified six inhibitory metabolites (IMs) accumulating in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cultures using AMBIC 1.0 community reference medium that negatively impacted culture performance. The goal of the current study was to modify the medium to control IM accumulation through design of experiments (DOE). Initial over‐supplementation of precursor amino acids (AAs) by 100% to 200% in the culture medium revealed positive correlations between initial AA concentrations and IM levels. A screening design identified 5 AA targets, Lys, Ile, Trp, Leu, Arg, as key contributors to IMs. Response surface design analysis was used to reduce initial AA levels between 13% and 33%, and these were then evaluated in batch and fed‐batch cultures. Lowering AAs in basal and feed medium and reducing feed rate from 10% to 5% reduced inhibitory metabolites HICA and NAP by up to 50%, MSA by 30%, and CMP by 15%. These reductions were accompanied by a 13% to 40% improvement in peak viable cell densities and 7% to 50% enhancement in IgG production in batch and fed‐batch processes, respectively. This study demonstrates the value of tuning specific AA levels in reference basal and feed media using statistical design methodologies to lower problematic IMs.

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  3. Abstract

    Trace metals play a critical role in the development of culture media used for the production of therapeutic proteins. Iron has been shown to enhance the productivity of monoclonal antibodies during Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell culture. However, the redox activity and pro‐oxidant behavior of iron may also contribute toward the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). In this work, we aim to clarify the influence of trace iron by examining the relationship between iron supplementation to culture media, mAb productivity and glycosylation, and oxidative stress interplay within the cell. Specifically, we assessed the impacts of iron supplementation on (a) mAb production and glycosylation; (b) mitochondria‐generated free hydroxyl radicals (ROS); (c) the cells ability to store energy during oxidative phosphorylation; and (d) mitochondrial iron concentration. Upon the increase of iron at inoculation, CHO cells maintained a capacity to rebound from iron‐induced viability lapses during exponential growth phase and improved mAb productivity and increased mAb galactosylation. Fluorescent labeling of the mitochondrial hydroxyl radical showed enhanced environments of oxidative stress upon iron supplementation. Additional labeling of active mitochondria indicated that, despite the enhanced production of ROS in the mitochondria, mitochondrial membrane potential was minimally impacted. By replicating iron treatments during seed train passaging, the CHO cells were observed to adapt to the shock of iron supplementation prior to inoculation. Results from these experiments demonstrate that CHO cells have the capacity to adapt to enhanced environments of oxidative stress and improve mAb productivity and mAb galactosylation with minimal perturbations to cell culture.

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