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  1. null (Ed.)
    Ramanujan filter banks (RFB) have in the past been used to identify periodicities in data. These are analysis filter banks with no synthesis counterpart for perfect reconstruction of the original signal, so they have not been useful for denoising periodic signals. This paper proposes to use a hybrid analysissynthesis framework for denoising discrete-time periodic signals. The synthesis occurs via a pruned dictionary designed based on the output energies of the RFB analysis filters. A unique property of the framework is that the denoised output signal is guaranteed to be periodic unlike any of the other methods. For a large range of input noise levels, the proposed approach achieves a stable and high SNR gain outperforming many traditional denoising techniques. 
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  2. null (Ed.)
    It has recently been shown that periodicity in discrete-time data can be analyzed using Ramanujan sums and associated dictionaries. This paper explores the role of dictionary learning methods in the context of period estimation and periodic signal representation using dictionaries. It is shown that a wellknown dictionary learning algorithm, namely K-SVD, is able to learn Ramanujan and Farey periodicity dictionaries from the noisy, sparse coefficient data generated from them without imposing any periodicity structure in the learning stage. This similarity between the learned dictionary and the underlying original periodicity dictionary reaffirms the power of the KSVD in predicting the right dictionary from data without explicit application-specific constraints. The paper also examines how the choice of different parameter values affect the similarity of the learned dictionary to the underlying dictionary. Two versions of K-SVD along with different initializations are analyzed for their effect on representation and denoising error for the data. 
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  4. Applications of neural networks have gained significant importance in embedded mobile devices and Internet of Things (IoT) nodes. In particular, convolutional neural networks have emerged as one of the most powerful techniques in computer vision, speech recognition, and AI applications that can improve the mobile user experience. However, satisfying all power and performance requirements of such low power devices is a significant challenge. Recent work has shown that binarizing a neural network can significantly improve the memory requirements of mobile devices at the cost of minor loss in accuracy. This paper proposes MB-CNN, a memristive accelerator for binary convolutional neural networks that perform XNOR convolution in-situ novel 2R memristive data blocks to improve power, performance, and memory requirements of embedded mobile devices. The proposed accelerator achieves at least 13.26 × , 5.91 × , and 3.18 × improvements in the system energy efficiency (computed by energy × delay) over the state-of-the-art software, GPU, and PIM architectures, respectively. The solution architecture which integrates CPU, GPU and MB-CNN outperforms every other configuration in terms of system energy and execution time. 
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  5. Abstract Academic researchers, government agencies, industry groups, and individuals have produced forecasts at an unprecedented scale during the COVID-19 pandemic. To leverage these forecasts, the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) partnered with an academic research lab at the University of Massachusetts Amherst to create the US COVID-19 Forecast Hub. Launched in April 2020, the Forecast Hub is a dataset with point and probabilistic forecasts of incident cases, incident hospitalizations, incident deaths, and cumulative deaths due to COVID-19 at county, state, and national, levels in the United States. Included forecasts represent a variety of modeling approaches, data sources, and assumptions regarding the spread of COVID-19. The goal of this dataset is to establish a standardized and comparable set of short-term forecasts from modeling teams. These data can be used to develop ensemble models, communicate forecasts to the public, create visualizations, compare models, and inform policies regarding COVID-19 mitigation. These open-source data are available via download from GitHub, through an online API, and through R packages. 
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