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  1. Razeghi, Manijeh ; Jarrahi, Mona (Ed.)
    GeS and GeSe are 2D semiconductors with band gaps in the near infrared and predicted high carrier mobility. We find that excitation with 800 nm pulses results in long-lived free photocarriers, persisting for hundreds of picoseconds, in GeS and GeSe noribbons. We also demonstrate that zerovalent Cu intercalation is an effective tool for tuning the photoconductive response. Intercalation of ~ 3 atomic % of zerovalent Cu reduces the carrier lifetime in GeSe and GeS. In GeS, it also shortens the photoconductivity rise and improves carrier mobility. 
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  2. Betz, Markus ; Elezzabi, Abdulhakem Y. (Ed.)
  3. Abstract

    Significant optical absorption in the blue–green spectral range, high intralayer carrier mobility, and band alignment suitable for water splitting suggest tin disulfide (SnS2) as a candidate material for photo‐electrochemical applications. In this work, vertically aligned SnS2nanoflakes are synthesized directly on transparent conductive substrates using a scalable close space sublimation (CSS) method. Detailed characterization by time‐resolved terahertz and time‐resolved photoluminescence spectroscopies reveals a high intrinsic carrier mobility of 330 cm2V−1s−1and photoexcited carrier lifetimes of 1.3 ns in these nanoflakes, resulting in a long vertical diffusion length of ≈1 µm. The highest photo‐electrochemical performance is achieved by growing SnS2nanoflakes with heights that are between this diffusion length and the optical absorption depth of ≈2 µm, which balances the competing requirements of charge transport and light absorption. Moreover, the unique stepped morphology of these CSS‐grown nanoflakes improves photocurrent by exposing multiple edge sites in every nanoflake. The optimized vertical SnS2nanoflake photoanodes produce record photocurrents of 4.5 mA cm−2for oxidation of a sulfite hole scavenger and 2.6 mA cm−2for water oxidation without any hole scavenger, both at 1.23 VRHEin neutral electrolyte under simulated AM1.5G sunlight, and stable photocurrents for iodide oxidation in acidic electrolyte.

     
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