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  1. One key objective in electrocatalysis is to design selective catalysts, particularly in cases where the desired products require thermodynamically unfavorable pathways. Electrochemical synthesis of hydrogen peroxide (H 2 O 2 ) via the two-electron water oxidation reaction (2e − WOR) requires a +0.54 V higher potential than four-electron O 2 evolution. So far, best-performing electrocatalysts require considerable overpotentials before reaching peak faradaic efficiency. We present Mn-alloyed TiO 2 coatings prepared by atomic layer deposition (ALD) and annealing as a stable and selective electrocatalyst for 2e − WOR. Faradaic efficiency of >90% at < 150 mV overpotentials was achieved for H 2 O 2 production, accumulating 2.97 mM H 2 O 2 after 8 hours. Nanoscale mixing of Mn 2 O 3 and TiO 2 resulted in a partially filled, highly conductive Mn 3+ intermediate band (IB) within the TiO 2 mid-gap to transport charge across the (Ti,Mn)O x coating. This IB energetically matched that of H 2 O 2 -producing surface intermediates, turning a wide bandgap oxide into a selective electrocatalyst capable of operating in the dark. However, the high selectivity is limited to the low overpotential regime, which limits the system to low current densities and requires further researchmore »into increasing turn-over frequency per active site.« less
  2. Abstract

    Increasing performance demand associated with the short lifetime of consumer electronics has triggered fast growth in electronic waste, leading to serious ecological challenges worldwide. Herein, a robust strategy for judiciously constructing flexible perovskite solar cells (PSCs) that can be conveniently biodegraded is reported. The key to this strategy is to capitalize on meniscus‐assisted solution printing (MASP) as a facile means of yielding cross‐aligned silver nanowires in one‐step, which are subsequently impregnated in a biodegradable elastomeric polyester. Intriguingly, the as‐crafted hybrid biodegradable electrode greatly constrains the solvent evaporation of the perovskite precursor solution, thereby generating fewer nuclei and in turn resulting in the deposition of a large‐grained dense perovskite film that exhibits excellent optoelectronic properties with a power conversion efficiency of 17.51% in PSCs. More importantly, the hybrid biodegradable electrode‐based devices also manifest impressive robustness against mechanical deformation and can be thoroughly biodegraded after use. These results signify the great potential of MASP for controllably assembling aligned conductive nanomaterials for biodegradable electrodes. As such, it represents an important endeavor toward environmentally friendly, multifunctional and flexible electronic, optoelectronic, photonic, and sensory materials and devices.