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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 21, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 14, 2024
  4. Abstract

    The Green Bank Telescope Diffuse Ionized Gas Survey (GDIGS) traces ionized gas in the Galactic midplane by observing radio recombination line (RRL) emission from 4 to 8 GHz. The nominal survey zone is 32.°3 >> −5°, ∣b∣ < 0.°5. Here, we analyze GDIGS Hnαionized gas emission toward discrete sources. Using GDIGS data, we identify the velocity of 35 Hiiregions that have multiple detected RRL velocity components. We identify and characterize RRL emission from 88 Hiiregions that previously lacked measured ionized gas velocities. We also identify and characterize RRL emission from eight locations that appear to be previously unidentified Hiiregions and 30 locations of RRL emission that do not appear to be Hiiregions based on their lack of mid-infrared emission. This latter group may be a compact component of the Galactic Diffuse Ionized Gas. There are an additional 10 discrete sources that have anomalously high RRL velocities for their locations in the Galactic plane. We compare these objects’ RRL data to13CO, Hi,and mid-infrared data, and find that these sources do not have the expected 24μm emission characteristic of Hiiregions. Based on this comparison we do not think these objects are Hiiregions, but we are unable to classify them as a known type of object.

     
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  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  6. Abstract

    The unique optical properties of transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) monolayers have attracted significant attention for both photonics applications and fundamental studies of low-dimensional systems. TMD monolayers of high optical quality, however, have been limited to micron-sized flakes produced by low-throughput and labour-intensive processes, whereas large-area films are often affected by surface defects and large inhomogeneity. Here we report a rapid and reliable method to synthesize macroscopic-scale TMD monolayers of uniform, high optical quality. Using 1-dodecanol encapsulation combined with gold-tape-assisted exfoliation, we obtain monolayers with lateral size > 1 mm, exhibiting exciton energy, linewidth, and quantum yield uniform over the whole area and close to those of high-quality micron-sized flakes. We tentatively associate the role of the two molecular encapsulating layers as isolating the TMD from the substrate and passivating the chalcogen vacancies, respectively. We demonstrate the utility of our encapsulated monolayers by scalable integration with an array of photonic crystal cavities, creating polariton arrays with enhanced light-matter coupling strength. This work provides a pathway to achieving high-quality two-dimensional materials over large areas, enabling research and technology development beyond individual micron-sized devices.

     
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