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Creators/Authors contains: "Liu, Mingyu"

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  1. Abstract

    Palladium(II)‐catalyzed C(alkenyl)−H alkenylation enabled by a transient directing group (TDG) strategy is described. The dual catalytic process takes advantage of reversible condensation between an alkenyl aldehyde substrate and an amino acid TDG to facilitate coordination of the metal catalyst and subsequent C(alkenyl)−H activation by a tailored carboxylate base. The resulting palladacycle then engages an acceptor alkene, furnishing a 1,3‐diene with high regio‐ andE/Z‐selectivity. The reaction enables the synthesis of enantioenriched atropoisomeric 2‐aryl‐substituted 1,3‐dienes, which have seldom been examined in previous literature. Catalytically relevant alkenyl palladacycles were synthesized and characterized by X‐ray crystallography, and the energy profiles of the C(alkenyl)−H activation step and the stereoinduction model were elucidated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

     
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  2. Abstract

    Palladium(II)‐catalyzed C(alkenyl)−H alkenylation enabled by a transient directing group (TDG) strategy is described. The dual catalytic process takes advantage of reversible condensation between an alkenyl aldehyde substrate and an amino acid TDG to facilitate coordination of the metal catalyst and subsequent C(alkenyl)−H activation by a tailored carboxylate base. The resulting palladacycle then engages an acceptor alkene, furnishing a 1,3‐diene with high regio‐ andE/Z‐selectivity. The reaction enables the synthesis of enantioenriched atropoisomeric 2‐aryl‐substituted 1,3‐dienes, which have seldom been examined in previous literature. Catalytically relevant alkenyl palladacycles were synthesized and characterized by X‐ray crystallography, and the energy profiles of the C(alkenyl)−H activation step and the stereoinduction model were elucidated by density functional theory (DFT) calculations.

     
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  3. A substrate-directed approach to couple alkylzinc nucleophiles, alkyl halide electrophiles, and non-conjugated alkenes under nickel catalysis is described.

     
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  4. Abstract

    A palladium(II)‐catalyzed enantioselective α‐alkylation of azlactones with nonconjugated alkenes is described. The reaction employs a chiral BINOL‐derived phosphoric acid as the source of stereoinduction, and a cleavable bidentate directing group appended to the alkene to control the regioselectivity and stabilize the nucleopalladated alkylpalladium(II) intermediate in the catalytic cycle. A wide range of azlactones were found to be compatible under the optimal reaction conditions to afford products bearing α,α‐disubstituted α‐amino‐acid derivatives with high yields and high enantioselectivity.

     
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  5. Abstract

    A palladium(II)‐catalyzed enantioselective α‐alkylation of azlactones with nonconjugated alkenes is described. The reaction employs a chiral BINOL‐derived phosphoric acid as the source of stereoinduction, and a cleavable bidentate directing group appended to the alkene to control the regioselectivity and stabilize the nucleopalladated alkylpalladium(II) intermediate in the catalytic cycle. A wide range of azlactones were found to be compatible under the optimal reaction conditions to afford products bearing α,α‐disubstituted α‐amino‐acid derivatives with high yields and high enantioselectivity.

     
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