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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 1, 2024
  2. Abstract

    We present the astrometric calibration of the Beijing–Arizona Sky Survey (BASS). The BASS astrometry was tied to the International Celestial Reference Frame via the Gaia Data Release 2 reference catalog. For effects that were stable throughout the BASS observations, including differential chromatic refraction and the low charge transfer efficiency of the CCD, we corrected for these effects at the raw image coordinates. Fourth-order polynomial intermediate longitudinal and latitudinal corrections were used to remove optical distortions. The comparison with the Gaia catalog shows that the systematic errors, depending on color or magnitude, are less than 2 milliarcseconds (mas). The position systematic error is estimated to be about −0.01 ± 0.7 mas in the region between 30° and 60° of decl. and up to −0.07 ± 0.9 mas in the region north of decl. 60°.

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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 23, 2024
  3. Abstract Using proper motions from Gaia Early Data Release 3 (Gaia EDR3) and radial velocities from several surveys, we identify 60 candidate high-velocity stars with a total velocity greater than 75% of the escape velocity that probably originated from the Sagittarius dwarf spheroidal galaxy (Sgr) by orbital analysis. Sgr’s gravity has little effect on the results and the Large Magellanic Cloud’s gravity has a nonnegligible effect on only a few stars. The closest approach of these stars to the Sgr occurred when the Sgr passed its pericenter (∼38.2 Myr ago), which suggests they were tidally stripped from the Sgr. The positions of these stars in the Hertzsprung–Russell diagram and the chemical properties of 19 of them with available [Fe/H] are similar to the Sgr stream member stars. This is consistent with the assumption of their accretion origin. Two of the 60 are hypervelocity stars, which may also be produced by the Hills mechanism. 
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