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  1. This paper aims to realize a new multiple access technique based on recently proposed millimeter- wave reconfigurable antenna architectures. To this end, first we show that integration of the existing reconfigurable antenna systems with the well-known non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA) technique causes a significant degradation in sum rate due to the inevitable power division in reconfigurable antennas. To circumvent this fundamental limit, a new multiple access technique is proposed. The technique which is called reconfigurable antenna multiple access (RAMA) transmits only each user's intended signal at the same time/frequency/code, which makes RAMA an inter-user interference-free technique. Two different cases aremore »considered, i.e., RAMA with partial and full channel state information (CSI). In the first case, CSI is not required and only the direction of arrival for a specific user is used. Our analytical results indicate that with partial CSI and for symmetric channels, RAMA outperforms NOMA in terms of sum rate. Further, the analytical result indicates that RAMA for asymmetric channels achieves better sum rate than NOMA when less power is assigned to users that experience better channel quality. In the second case, RAMA with full CSI allocates optimal power to each user which leads to higher achievable rates compared to NOMA for both symmetric and asymmetric channels. The numerical computations demonstrate the analytical findings.« less
  2. There is an increase in usage of smaller cells or femtocells to improve performance and coverage of next-generation heterogeneous wireless networks (HetNets). However, the interference caused by femtocells to neighboring cells is a limiting performance factor in dense HetNets. This interference is being managed via distributed resource allocation methods. However, as the density of the network increases so does the complexity of such resource allocation methods. Yet, unplanned deployment of femtocells requires an adaptable and self-organizing algorithm to make HetNets viable. As such, we propose to use a machine learning approach based on Q-learning to solve the resource allocation problemmore »in such complex networks. By defining each base station as an agent, a cellular network is modeled as a multi-agent network. Subsequently, cooperative Q-learning can be applied as an efficient approach to manage the resources of a multi-agent network. Furthermore, the proposed approach considers the quality of service (QoS) for each user and fairness in the network. In comparison with prior work, the proposed approach can bring more than a four-fold increase in the number of supported femtocells while using cooperative Q-learning to reduce resource allocation overhead.« less