skip to main content

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Mishra, Cyan Subhra"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 27, 2023
  2. As Point Clouds (PCs) gain popularity in processing millions of data points for 3D rendering in many applications, efficient data compression becomes a critical issue. This is because compression is the primary bottleneck in minimizing the latency and energy consumption of existing PC pipelines. Data compression becomes even more critical as PC processing is pushed to edge devices with limited compute and power budgets. In this paper, we propose and evaluate two complementary schemes, intra-frame compression and inter-frame compression, to speed up the PC compression, without losing much quality or compression efficiency. Unlike existing techniques that use sequential algorithms, our first design, intra-frame compression, exploits parallelism for boosting the performance of both geometry and attribute compression. The proposed parallelism brings around 43.7× performance improvement and 96.6% energy savings at a cost of 1.01× larger compressed data size. To further improve the compression efficiency, our second scheme, inter-frame compression, considers the temporal similarity among the video frames and reuses the attribute data from the previous frame for the current frame. We implement our designs on an NVIDIA Jetson AGX Xavier edge GPU board. Experimental results with six videos show that the combined compression schemes provide 34.0× speedup compared to a state-of-the-art scheme, with minimal impact on quality and compression ratio. 
    more » « less
  3. null (Ed.)
    There is an increasing demand for performing machine learning tasks, such as human activity recognition (HAR) on emerging ultra-low-power internet of things (IoT) platforms. Recent works show substantial efficiency boosts from performing inference tasks directly on the IoT nodes rather than merely transmitting raw sensor data. However, the computation and power demands of deep neural network (DNN) based inference pose significant challenges when executed on the nodes of an energy-harvesting wireless sensor network (EH-WSN). Moreover, managing inferences requiring responses from multiple energy-harvesting nodes imposes challenges at the system level in addition to the constraints at each node. This paper presents a novel scheduling policy along with an adaptive ensemble learner to efficiently perform HAR on a distributed energy-harvesting body area network. Our proposed policy, Origin, strategically ensures efficient and accurate individual inference execution at each sensor node by using a novel activity-aware scheduling approach. It also leverages the continuous nature of human activity when coordinating and aggregating results from all the sensor nodes to improve final classification accuracy. Further, Origin proposes an adaptive ensemble learner to personalize the optimizations based on each individual user. Experimental results using two different HAR data-sets show Origin, while running on harvested energy, to be at least 2.5% more accurate than a classical battery-powered energy aware HAR classifier continuously operating at the same average power. 
    more » « less
  4. Many recent works have shown substantial efficiency boosts from performing inference tasks on Internet of Things (IoT) nodes rather than merely transmitting raw sensor data. However, such tasks, e.g., convolutional neural networks (CNNs), are very compute intensive. They are therefore challenging to complete at sensing-matched latencies in ultra-low-power and energy-harvesting IoT nodes. ReRAM crossbar-based accelerators (RCAs) are an ideal candidate to perform the dominant multiplication-and-accumulation (MAC) operations in CNNs efficiently, but conventional, performance-oriented RCAs, while energy-efficient, are power hungry and ill-optimized for the intermittent and unstable power supply of energy-harvesting IoT nodes. This paper presents the ResiRCA architecture that integrates a new, lightweight, and configurable RCA suitable for energy harvesting environments as an opportunistically executing augmentation to a baseline sense-and-transmit battery-powered IoT node. To maximize ResiRCA throughput under different power levels, we develop the ResiSchedule approach for dynamic RCA reconfiguration. The proposed approach uses loop tiling-based computation decomposition, model duplication within the RCA, and inter-layer pipelining to reduce RCA activation thresholds and more closely track execution costs with dynamic power income. Experimental results show that ResiRCA together with ResiSchedule achieve average speedups and energy efficiency improvements of 8× and 14× respectively compared to a baseline RCA with intermittency-unaware scheduling. 
    more » « less