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  1. Liva, Gianluigi (Ed.)
    Unsourced random access emerged as a novel wireless paradigm enabling massive device connectivity on the uplink. We consider quasi-static Rayleigh fading wherein the access point has multiple receive antennas and every mobile device a single transmit antenna. The objective is to construct a coding scheme that minimizes the energy-per-bit subject to a maximum probability of error given a fixed message length and a prescribed number of channel uses. Every message is partitioned into two parts: the first determines pilot values and spreading sequences; the remaining bits are encoded using a polar code. The transmitted signal contains two distinct sections. The first features pilots and the second is composed of spread modulated symbols. The receiver has three modules: an energy detector, tasked with recovering the set of active pilot sequences; a bank of Minimum Mean Square Error (MMSE) estimators acting on measurements at the receiver; and a polar list-decoder, which seeks to retrieve the coded information bits. A successive cancellation step is applied to subtract recovered codewords, before the residual signal is fed back to the decoder. Empirical evidence suggests that an appropriate combination of these ideas can outperform state-of-the-art coding techniques when the number of active users exceeds one hundred. 
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  2. We explore a scheme that enables the training of a deep neural network in a Federated Learning configuration over an additive white Gaussian noise channel. The goal is to create a low complexity, linear compression strategy, called PolarAir, that reduces the size of the gradient at the user side to lower the number of channel uses needed to transmit it. The suggested approach belongs to the family of compressed sensing techniques, yet it constructs the sensing matrix and the recovery procedure using multiple access techniques. Simulations show that it can reduce the number of channel uses by ∼30% when compared to conveying the gradient without compression. The main advantage of the proposed scheme over other schemes in the literature is its low time complexity. We also investigate the behavior of gradient updates and the performance of PolarAir throughout the training process to obtain insight on how best to construct this compression scheme based on compressed sensing. 
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  3. We introduce two generalizations to the paradigm of using Random Khatri-Rao Product (RKRP) codes for distributed matrix multiplication. We first introduce a class of codes called Sparse Random Khatri-Rao Product (SRKRP) codes which have sparse generator matrices. SRKRP codes result in lower encoding, computation and communication costs than RKRP codes when the input matrices are sparse, while they exhibit similar numerical stability to other state of the art schemes. We empirically study the relationship between the probability of the generator matrix (restricted to the set of non-stragglers) of a randomly chosen SRKRP code being rank deficient and various parameters of the coding scheme including the degree of sparsity of the generator matrix and the number of non-stragglers. Secondly, we show that if the master node can perform a very small number of matrix product computations in addition to the computations performed by the workers, the failure probability can be substantially improved. 
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  4. Unsourced random access (URA) has emerged as a candidate paradigm for massive machine-type communication (mMTC) in next-generation wireless networks. While many excellent uplink schemes have been developed for URA, these schemes do not specify a mechanism for providing feedback regarding whether a user’s message was successfully decoded. While this may be acceptable in some mMTC scenarios, the lack of feedback is inadequate for applications that demand a high level of reliability. However, the problem of providing feedback to active users is complicated by the fact that the base station does not know the identities of the active users. In this paper, a novel downlink beamforming scheme called HashBeam is presented that enables the base station to provide feedback to the active users within URA, despite not knowing their identities. The key idea of this scheme is that the users’ channels and hashes of their messages may be used as proxies for their true identities. The proposed scheme may be adapted to any number of antennas at the base station and it is shown that the required number of channel uses is linear in the number of users to acknowledge. 
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  5. Unsourced random access (URA) has emerged as a pragmatic framework for next-generation distributed sensor networks. Within URA, concatenated coding structures are often employed to ensure that the central base station can accurately recover the set of sent codewords during a given transmission period. Many URA algorithms employ independent inner and outer decoders, which can help reduce computational complexity at the expense of a decay in performance. In this article, an enhanced decoding algorithm is presented for a concatenated coding structure consisting of a wide range of inner codes and an outer tree-based code. It is shown that this algorithmic enhancement has the potential to simultaneously improve error performance and decrease the computational complexity of the decoder. This enhanced decoding algorithm is applied to two existing URA algorithms, and the performance benefits of the algorithm are characterized. Findings are supported by numerical simulations. 
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  6. null (Ed.)
    High-throughput molecular profiling technologies have produced high-dimensional multi-omics data, enabling systematic understanding of living systems at the genome scale. Studying molecular interactions across different data types helps reveal signal transduction mechanisms across different classes of molecules. In this paper, we develop a novel Bayesian representation learning method that infers the relational interactions across multi-omics data types. Our method, Bayesian Relational Learning (BayReL) for multi-omics data integration, takes advantage of a priori known relationships among the same class of molecules, modeled as a graph at each corresponding view, to learn view-specific latent variables as well as a multi-partite graph that encodes the interactions across views. Our experiments on several real-world datasets demonstrate enhanced performance of BayReL in inferring meaningful interactions compared to existing baselines. 
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