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Creators/Authors contains: "Netalkar, Prasad"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 4, 2024
  2. This paper presents mmCPTP, a cross-layer end-toend protocol for fast delivery of data over mmWave channels associated with emerging 5G services. Recent measurement studies of mmWave channels in urban micro cellular deployments show considerable fluctuation in received signal strength along with intermittent outages resulting from user mobility. This results in significant impairment of end-to-end data transfer throughput when regular TCP is used to transport data over such mmWave channels. To address this issue, we propose mmCPTP, a novel cross-layer end-to-end data transfer protocol that sets up a transport plug-in at or near the base station and uses feedback from the lower layer (RLC/MAC) to opportunistically pull data at the mobile client without the slow start and probing delays associated with TCP. The system model and end-to-end protocol architecture are described and compared with TCP and IndirectTCP (I-TCP) in terms of achievable data rate. The proposed mmCPTP protocol is evaluated using NS3 simulation for 5G NR (New Radio) considering a high-speed mobile user scenario. The system is further validated using a proof-of-concept prototype which emulates the high-speed mmWave/NR access link with traffic shaping over Gbps ethernet. Results show significant performance gains for mmCPTP over TCP and I-TCP (2.5x to 17.2x, depending on the version). 
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  3. Next generation wireless services and applications, including Augmented Reality, Internet-of-Things, and Smart- Cities, will increasingly rely on Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) methods that can manage spectrum resources rapidly and efficiently. Advances in regulatory policies, standardization, networking, and wireless technology are enabling DSA methods on a more granular basis in terms of time, frequency, and geographical location which are key for the operation of 5G and beyond-5G networks. In this context, this paper proposes a novel DSA algorithm that leverages IEEE 1900.5.2 Spectrum Consumption Models (SCMs) which offer a mechanism for RF devices to: (i) “announce” or “declare” their intention to use the spectrum and their needs in terms of interference protection; and (ii) determine compatibility (i.e., non-interference) with existing devices. In this paper, we develop an SCM-based DSA algorithm for spectrum deconfliction in large-scale wireless network environments and evaluate this algorithm in terms of computation time, efficiency of spectrum allocation, and number of device reconfigurations due to interference using a custom simulation platform. The results demonstrate the benefits of using SCMs and their capabilities to perform fine grained spectrum assignments in dynamic and dense communication environments. 
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  4. This paper describes a wireless experimentation framework for studying dynamic spectrum access mechanisms and an experiment that showcases its capabilities. The framework was built on COSMOS, an advanced wireless testbed designed to support real-world experimentation of next generation wireless technologies and applications. Our deployed framework supports experimentation over a large number of wireless networks, with a PUB-SUB based network interaction structure, based on the Collaborative Intelligent Radio Networks (CIRN) Interaction Language (CIL) developed by DARPA for the Spectrum Collaboration Challenge (SC2). As such, it enables interaction and message exchanges between the networks for the purposes of coordinating spectrum use. For our experiment, the message exchanges are aimed primarily for, but not limited to, Spectrum Consumption Model (SCM) messages. RF devices/systems use SCM messages which contain detailed information about their wireless transmission characteristics (i.e., spectrum mask, frequency, bandwidth, power and location) to determine their operational compatibility (non-interference) with prior transmitters and receivers, and to dynamically determine spectrum use characteristics for their own transmissions. 
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