skip to main content

Title: Large-Scale Dynamic Spectrum Access with IEEE 1900.5.2 Spectrum Consumption Models
Next generation wireless services and applications, including Augmented Reality, Internet-of-Things, and Smart- Cities, will increasingly rely on Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) methods that can manage spectrum resources rapidly and efficiently. Advances in regulatory policies, standardization, networking, and wireless technology are enabling DSA methods on a more granular basis in terms of time, frequency, and geographical location which are key for the operation of 5G and beyond-5G networks. In this context, this paper proposes a novel DSA algorithm that leverages IEEE 1900.5.2 Spectrum Consumption Models (SCMs) which offer a mechanism for RF devices to: (i) “announce” or “declare” their intention to use the spectrum and their needs in terms of interference protection; and (ii) determine compatibility (i.e., non-interference) with existing devices. In this paper, we develop an SCM-based DSA algorithm for spectrum deconfliction in large-scale wireless network environments and evaluate this algorithm in terms of computation time, efficiency of spectrum allocation, and number of device reconfigurations due to interference using a custom simulation platform. The results demonstrate the benefits of using SCMs and their capabilities to perform fine grained spectrum assignments in dynamic and dense communication environments.  more » « less
Award ID(s):
2029295 2232459
Author(s) / Creator(s):
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
Date Published:
Journal Name:
in Proc. IEEE WCNC’23, Mar. 2023
Page Range / eLocation ID:
1 to 6
Medium: X
Sponsoring Org:
National Science Foundation
More Like this
  1. There is insufficient wireless frequency spectrum to support the continued growth of active wireless technologies and devices. This has provoked extensive research on spectrum coexistence. One case that has gained limited attention in this course is using currently banned frequency bands for active wireless communications. One such option is the 27 MHz-wide narrowband portion of the L-band from 1.400 to 1.427 GHz, which is exclusively devoted to space-borne passive radiometry for remote sensing and radio astronomy. Radio regulations currently prohibit active wireless communications and radars from operating in this band to avoid radio frequency interference (RFI) on highly noise-sensitive passive radiometry equipment. The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA’s) Soil Moisture Active Passive (SMAP) satellite is one of the latest space-borne remote sensing missions that evaluates global soil moisture by passive scanning of the thermal emissions of the earth in this frequency band. In this paper, we investigate the opportunistic temporal use of this 27 MHz-wide passive radiometry band for active wireless transmissions when there is no Line of Sight (LoS) between SMAP and a terrestrial wireless network. We use MATLAB simulations to determine the fraction of time that SMAP has LoS (and non-LoS) with a terrestrial wireless cell at different Earth latitudes based on SMAP’s orbital characteristics. We also investigate the severity of RFI induced on SMAP in the presence of a terrestrial cluster of 5G cells with LoS. 
    more » « less
  2. Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA) radios typically select their radio channels according to their data networking goals, a defined DSA spectrum operating policy, and the state of the RF spectrum. RF spectrum sensing can be used to collect information about the state of the RF spectrum and prioritize which channels should be assigned for DSA radio waveform transmission and reception. This paper describes a Greedy Channel Ranking Algorithm (GCRA) used to calculate and rank RF interference metrics for observed DSA radio channels. The channel rankings can then be used to select and/or avoid channels in order to attain a desired DSA radio performance level. Experimental measurements are collected using our custom software-defined radio (SDR) system to quantify the performance of using GCRA for a DSA radio application. Analysis of these results show that both pre and post-detection average interference power metrics are the most accurate metrics for selecting groups of radio channels to solve constrained channel assignment problems in occupied gray space spectrum. 
    more » « less
  3. Abstract: With the proliferation of Dynamic Spectrum Access (DSA), Internet of Things (IoT), and Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) technologies, various methods have been proposed to deduce key network and user information in cellular systems, such as available cell bandwidths, as well as user locations and mobility. Not only is such information dominated by cellular networks of vital significance on other systems co-located spectrum-wise and/or geographically, but applications within cellular systems can also benefit remarkably from inferring such information, as exemplified by the endeavours made by video streaming to predict cell bandwidth. Hence, we are motivated to develop a new tool to uncover as much information used to be closed to outsiders or user devices as possible with off-the-shelf products. Given the wide-spread deployment of LTE and its continuous evolution to 5G, we design and implement U-CIMAN, a client-side system to accurately UnCover as much Information in Mobile Access Networks as allowed by LTE encryption. Among the many potential applications of U-CIMAN, we highlight one use case of accurately measuring the spectrum tenancy of a commercial LTE cell. Besides measuring spectrum tenancy in unit of resource blocks, U-CIMAN discovers user mobility and traffic types associated with spectrum usage through decoded control messages and user data bytes. We conduct 4-month detailed accurate spectrum measurement on a commercial LTE cell, and the observations include the predictive power of Modulation and Coding Scheme on spectrum tenancy, and channel off-time bounded under 10 seconds, to name a few. 
    more » « less
  4. In dynamic spectrum access (DSA), secondary users (SU) should only be allowed to access a licensed band belonging to incumbent users (IU) when the quality-of-service (QoS) requirements of both IUs and SUs can be satisfied at the same time. However, IU’s location and its received interference strength are considered sensitive in many DSA systems which should not be revealed, making it very challenging to optimize the network utility subjected to satisfying the operation and security requirements of SUs and IUs. In this paper, we develop a secure and distributed SU transmit power control algorithm to solve this challenge. Our algorithm achieves optimal SU power control to maximize the sum of SU rates. The SINR-guaranteed coexistence between SUs and IUs are enabled to maintain effective communication, while no information is directly required from IUs. Local measurements of IU signals provided by Environmental sensing capability (ESC) also undergo a security masking process to ensure that IU location cannot be derived from its outputs. Convergence and stability properties of our algorithm and its privacy-protection strength are both theoretically analyzed and experimentally evaluated through simulations 
    more » « less
  5. Current studies that apply reinforcement learning (RL) to dynamic spectrum access (DSA) problems in wireless communications systems are mainly focusing on model-free RL. However, in practice model-free RL requires large number of samples to achieve good performance making it impractical in real time applications such as DSA. Combining model-free and model-based RL can potentially reduce the sample complexity while achieving similar level of performance as model-free RL as long as the learned model is accurate enough. However, in complex environment the learned model is never perfect. In this paper we combine model-free and model-based reinforcement learning, introduce an algorithm that can work with an imperfectly learned model to accelerate the model-free reinforcement learning. Results show our algorithm achieves higher sample efficiency than standard model-free RL algorithm and Dyna algorithm (a standard algorithm that integrating model-based and model-free RL) with much lower computation complexity than the Dyna algorithm. For the extreme case where the learned model is highly inaccurate, the Dyna algorithm performs even worse than the model-free RL algorithm while our algorithm can still outperform the model-free RL algorithm. 
    more » « less