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Creators/Authors contains: "Pan, Changtian"

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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024
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  4. Abstract CRISPR/Cas systems have been widely used for genome engineering in many plant species, while their potentials have remained largely untapped in fruit crops, particularly in pear, due to the high levels of genomic heterozygosity and difficulties in tissue culture and stable transformation. To date, only few reports on application of CRISPR/Cas9 system in pear have been documented with a very low editing efficiency. Here, we report a highly efficient CRISPR toolbox for loss-of-function and gain-of-function research in pear. We compared four different CRISPR/Cas9 expression systems for loss-of-function analysis and identified a potent system that showed nearly 100% editing efficiency for multi-site mutagenesis. To expand targeting scope, we further tested different CRISPR/Cas12a and Cas12b systems in pear for the first time, albeit with low editing efficiency. In addition, we established a CRISPR activation (CRISPRa) system for multiplexed gene activation in pear calli for gain-of-function analysis. Furthermore, we successfully engineered the anthocyanin and lignin biosynthesis pathways using both CRISPR/Cas9 and CRISPRa systems in pear calli. Taken together, we build a highly efficient CRISPR toolbox for genome editing and gene regulation, paving the way for functional genomics studies as well as molecular breeding in pear. 
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  5. Heritable base-editing using a viral delivery system enables high-throughput functional analysis of genes in Arabidopsis. 
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  6. null (Ed.)
  7. Abstract

    CRISPR/Cas (clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats/CRISPR‐associated protein)‐mediated genome editing has revolutionized fundamental research and plant breeding. Beyond gene editing, CRISPR/Cas systems have been repurposed as a platform for programmable transcriptional regulation. Catalytically inactive Cas variants (dCas), when fused with transcriptional activation domains, allow for specific activation of any target gene in the genome without inducing DNA double‐strand breaks. CRISPR activation enables simultaneous activation of multiple genes, holding great promise in the identification of gene regulatory networks and rewiring of metabolic pathways. Here, we describe a simple protocol for constructing a dCas9‐mediated multiplexed gene activation system based on the CRISPR‐Act3.0 system. The resulting vectors are tested in rice protoplasts. © 2022 Wiley Periodicals LLC.

    Basic Protocol 1: sgRNA design and construction of CRISPR‐Act3.0 vectors for multiplexed gene activation

    Basic Protocol 2: Determining the activation efficiency of CRISPR‐Act3.0 vectors using rice protoplasts

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