skip to main content


The NSF Public Access Repository (NSF-PAR) system and access will be unavailable from 11:00 PM ET on Thursday, June 13 until 2:00 AM ET on Friday, June 14 due to maintenance. We apologize for the inconvenience.

Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Rahman, Mizanur"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. A resilient positioning, navigation, and timing (PNT) system is a necessity for the robust navigation of autonomous vehicles (AVs). A global navigation satellite system (GNSS) provides satellite-based PNT services. However, a spoofer can tamper the authentic GNSS signal and could transmit wrong position information to an AV. Therefore, an AV must have the capability of real-time detection of spoofing attacks related to PNT receivers, whereby it will help the end-user (the AV in this case) to navigate safely even if the GNSS is compromised. This paper aims to develop a deep reinforcement learning (RL)-based turn-by-turn spoofing attack detection method using low-cost in-vehicle sensor data. We have utilized the Honda Research Institute Driving Dataset to create attack and non-attack datasets to develop a deep RL model and have evaluated the performance of the deep RL-based attack detection model. We find that the accuracy of the deep RL model ranges from 99.99% to 100%, and the recall value is 100%. Furthermore, the precision ranges from 93.44% to 100%, and the f1 score ranges from 96.61% to 100%. Overall, the analyses reveal that the RL model is effective in turn-by-turn spoofing attack detection. 
    more » « less
  2. Abstract Riverbank erosion is a common hazard in Bangladesh, posing a significant threat to homes, properties, and livelihoods. In recent years, the government of Bangladesh has intensified efforts to mitigate riverbank erosion by hardening shorelines, including the building of concrete revetments, but the local dynamics of these interventions are not well documented. To address this, we present results from a study of community-level response to a 2-mile long concrete revetment recently constructed in the administrative district of Ramgati, in the lower Meghna River basin of Bangladesh. Our study combines quantitative analysis of data from a household survey with qualitative data from semi-structured interviews to assess resident perceptions of the new revetment and its effect on the landscape of riverbank erosion hazard. The study finds, firstly, that hazard awareness is widespread but may be influenced by livelihood factors related to the dynamics of displacement and resettlement. Second, we find that that the negative impacts of riverbank erosion vary spatially. Hazard perception in Ramgati is significantly influenced by the physical location of the household, with those residing closer to the river and in unprotected zones north and south of the revetment expressing much greater worry that they will lose their homes, and believing that this will happen much sooner than residents further away or in the zone now protected by the embankment. As an empirically grounded case study, our findings add to the literature on riverbank erosion in Bangladesh and perception studies focused on water-based hazards in similar settings globally. 
    more » « less
  3. null (Ed.)
    As camera quality improves and their deployment moves to areas with limited bandwidth, communication bottlenecks can impair real-time constraints of an intelligent transportation systems application, such as video-based real-time pedestrian detection. Video compression reduces the bandwidth requirement to transmit the video which degrades the video quality. As the quality level of the video decreases, it results in the corresponding decreases in the accuracy of the vision-based pedestrian detection model. Furthermore, environmental conditions, such as rain and night-time darkness impact the ability to leverage compression by making it more difficult to maintain high pedestrian detection accuracy. The objective of this study is to develop a real-time error-bounded lossy compression (EBLC) strategy to dynamically change the video compression level depending on different environmental conditions to maintain a high pedestrian detection accuracy. We conduct a case study to show the efficacy of our dynamic EBLC strategy for real-time vision-based pedestrian detection under adverse environmental conditions. Our strategy dynamically selects the lossy compression error tolerances that maintain a high detection accuracy across a representative set of environmental conditions. Analyses reveal that for adverse environmental conditions, our dynamic EBLC strategy increases pedestrian detection accuracy up to 14% and reduces the communication bandwidth up to 14 × compared to the state-of-the-practice. Moreover, we show our dynamic EBLC strategy is independent of pedestrian detection models and environmental conditions allowing other detection models and environmental conditions to be easily incorporated. 
    more » « less
  4. null (Ed.)
    Connected vehicle (CV) application developers need a development platform to build, test, and debug real-world CV applications, such as safety, mobility, and environmental applications, in edge-centric cyber-physical system (CPS). The objective of this paper is to develop and evaluate a scalable and secure CV application development platform (CVDeP) that enables application developers to build, test, and debug CV applications in real-time while meeting the functional requirements of any CV applications. The efficacy of the CVDeP was evaluated using two types of CV applications (one safety and one mobility application) and they were validated through field experiments at the South Carolina Connected Vehicle Testbed (SC-CVT). The analyses show that the CVDeP satisfies the functional requirements in relation to latency and throughput of the selected CV applications while maintaining the scalability and security of the platform and applications. 
    more » « less
  5. Black Hat App Search Optimization (ASO) in the form of fake reviews and sockpuppet accounts, is prevalent in peer-opinion sites, e.g., app stores, with negative implications on the digital and real lives of their users. To detect and filter fraud, a growing body of research has provided insights into various aspects of fraud posting activities, and made assumptions about the working procedures of the fraudsters from online data. However, such assumptions often lack empirical evidence from the actual fraud perpetrators. To address this problem, in this paper, we present results of both a qualitative study with 18 ASO workers we recruited from 5 freelancing sites, concerning activities they performed on Google Play, and a quantitative investigation with fraud-related data collected from other 39 ASO workers. We reveal findings concerning various aspects of ASO worker capabilities and behaviors, including novel insights into their working patterns, and supporting evidence for several existing assumptions. Further, we found and report participant-revealed techniques to bypass Google-imposed verifications, concrete strategies to avoid detection, and even strategies that leverage fraud detection to enhance fraud efficacy. We report a Google site vulnerability that enabled us to infer the mobile device models used to post more than 198 million reviews in Google Play, including 9,942 fake reviews. We discuss the deeper implications of our findings, including their potential use to develop the next generation fraud detection and prevention systems. 
    more » « less
  6. Vehicle-to-pedestrian communication could significantly improve pedestrian safety at signalized intersections. However, it is unlikely that pedestrians will typically be carrying a low latency communication-enabled device with an activated pedestrian safety application in their hand-held device all the time. Because of this, multiple traffic cameras at a signalized intersection could be used to accurately detect and locate pedestrians using deep learning, and broadcast safety alerts related to pedestrians to warn connected and automated vehicles around signalized intersections. However, the unavailability of high-performance roadside computing infrastructure and the limited network bandwidth between traffic cameras and the computing infrastructure limits the ability of real-time data streaming and processing for pedestrian detection. In this paper, we describe an edge computing-based real-time pedestrian detection strategy that combines a pedestrian detection algorithm using deep learning and an efficient data communication approach to reduce bandwidth requirements while maintaining high pedestrian detection accuracy. We utilize a lossy compression technique on traffic camera data to determine the tradeoff between the reduction of the communication bandwidth requirements and a defined pedestrian detection accuracy. The performance of the pedestrian detection strategy is measured in relation to pedestrian classification accuracy with varying peak signal-to-noise ratios. The analyses reveal that we detect pedestrians by maintaining a defined detection accuracy with a peak signal-to-noise ratio 43 dB while reducing the communication bandwidth from 9.82 Mbits/sec to 0.31 Mbits/sec, a 31× reduction. 
    more » « less
  7. The persistence of search rank fraud in online, peer-opinion systems, made possible by crowdsourcing sites and specialized fraud workers, shows that the current approach of detecting and filtering fraud is inefficient. We introduce a fraud de-anonymization approach to disincentivize search rank fraud: attribute user accounts flagged by fraud detection algorithms in online peer-opinion systems, to the human workers in crowdsourcing sites, who control them. We model fraud de-anonymization as a maximum likelihood estimation problem, and introduce UODA, an unconstrained optimization solution. We develop a graph based deep learning approach to predict ownership of account pairs by the same fraudster and use it to build discriminative fraud de-anonymization (DDA) and pseudonymous fraudster discovery algorithms (PFD). To address the lack of ground truth fraud data and its pernicious impacts on online systems that employ fraud detection, we propose the first cheating-resistant fraud de-anonymization validation protocol, that transforms human fraud workers into ground truth, performance evaluation oracles. In a user study with 16 human fraud workers, UODA achieved a precision of 91%. On ground truth data that we collected starting from other 23 fraud workers, our co-ownership predictor significantly outperformed a state-of-the-art competitor, and enabled DDA and PFD to discover tens of new fraud workers, and attribute thousands of suspicious user accounts to existing and newly discovered fraudsters. 
    more » « less