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Creators/Authors contains: "Rhoades, Brendon"

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  1. Abstract

    We apply the method of orbit harmonics to the set of break divisors and orientable divisors on graphs to obtain the central and external zonotopal algebras, respectively. We then relate a construction of Efimov in the context of cohomological Hall algebras to the central zonotopal algebra of a graph $G_{Q,\gamma }$ constructed from a symmetric quiver $Q$ with enough loops and a dimension vector $\gamma $. This provides a concrete combinatorial perspective on the former work, allowing us to identify the quantum Donaldson–Thomas (DT) invariants as the Hilbert series of the space of $S_{\gamma }$-invariants of the Postnikov–Shapiro slim subgraph space attached to $G_{Q,\gamma }$. The connection with orbit harmonics in turn allows us to give a manifestly nonnegative combinatorial interpretation to numerical DT invariants as the number of $S_{\gamma }$-orbits under the permutation action on the set of break divisors on $G$. We conclude with several representation-theoretic consequences, whose combinatorial ramifications may be of independent interest.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available September 1, 2023
  3. Abstract

    Let $\Theta _n = (\theta _1, \dots , \theta _n)$ and $\Xi _n = (\xi _1, \dots , \xi _n)$ be two lists of $n$ variables, and consider the diagonal action of ${{\mathfrak {S}}}_n$ on the exterior algebra $\wedge \{ \Theta _n, \Xi _n \}$ generated by these variables. Jongwon Kim and the 2nd author defined and studied the fermionic diagonal coinvariant ring$FDR_n$ obtained from $\wedge \{ \Theta _n, \Xi _n \}$ by modding out by the ideal generated by the ${{\mathfrak {S}}}_n$-invariants with vanishing constant term. On the other hand, the 2nd author described an action of ${{\mathfrak {S}}}_n$ on the vector space with basis given by noncrossing set partitions of $\{1,\dots ,n\}$ using a novel family of skein relations that resolve crossings in set partitions. We give an isomorphism between a natural Catalan-dimensional submodule of $FDR_n$ and the skein representation. To do this, we show that set partition skein relations arise naturally in the context of exterior algebras. Our approach yields an ${{\mathfrak {S}}}_n$-equivariant way to resolve crossings in set partitions. We use fermions to clarify, sharpen, and extend the theory of set partition crossing resolution.

  4. Abstract Let $W$ be an irreducible complex reflection group acting on its reflection representation $V$. We consider the doubly graded action of $W$ on the exterior algebra $\wedge (V \oplus V^*)$ as well as its quotient $DR_W:= \wedge (V \oplus V^*)/ \langle \wedge (V \oplus V^*)^{W}_+ \rangle $ by the ideal generated by its homogeneous $W$-invariants with vanishing constant term. We describe the bigraded isomorphism type of $DR_W$; when $W = {{\mathfrak{S}}}_n$ is the symmetric group, the answer is a difference of Kronecker products of hook-shaped ${{\mathfrak{S}}}_n$-modules. We relate the Hilbert series of $DR_W$ to the (type A) Catalan and Narayana numbers and describe a standard monomial basis of $DR_W$ using a variant of Motzkin paths. Our methods are type-uniform and involve a Lefschetz-like theory, which applies to the exterior algebra $\wedge (V \oplus V^*)$.
  5. Abstract

    Let $k \leq n$ be positive integers, and let $X_n = (x_1, \dots , x_n)$ be a list of $n$ variables. The Boolean product polynomial$B_{n,k}(X_n)$ is the product of the linear forms $\sum _{i \in S} x_i$, where $S$ ranges over all $k$-element subsets of $\{1, 2, \dots , n\}$. We prove that Boolean product polynomials are Schur positive. We do this via a new method of proving Schur positivity using vector bundles and a symmetric function operation we call Chern plethysm. This gives a geometric method for producing a vast array of Schur positive polynomials whose Schur positivity lacks (at present) a combinatorial or representation theoretic proof. We relate the polynomials $B_{n,k}(X_n)$ for certain $k$ to other combinatorial objects including derangements, positroids, alternating sign matrices, and reverse flagged fillings of a partition shape. We also relate $B_{n,n-1}(X_n)$ to a bigraded action of the symmetric group ${\mathfrak{S}}_n$ on a divergence free quotient of superspace.