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  1. Abstract

    The interactions between charges and excitons involve complex many-body interactions at high densities. The exciton-polaron model has been adopted to understand the Fermi sea screening of charged excitons in monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides. The results provide good agreement with absorption measurements, which are dominated by dilute bright exciton responses. Here we investigate the Fermi sea dressing of spin-forbidden dark excitons in monolayer WSe2. With a Zeeman field, the valley-polarized dark excitons show distinct p-doping dependence in photoluminescence when the carriers reach a critical density. This density can be interpreted as the onset of strongly modified Fermi sea interactions and shifts with increasing exciton density. Through valley-selective excitation and dynamics measurements, we also infer an intervalley coupling between the dark trions and exciton-polarons mediated by the many-body interactions. Our results reveal the evolution of Fermi sea screening with increasing exciton density and the impacts of polaron-polaron interactions, which lay the foundation for understanding electronic correlations and many-body interactions in 2D systems.

  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 5, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2023
  4. Freeman, S. ; Lederer-Woods, C. ; Manna, A. ; Mengoni, A. (Ed.)
    The r-process has been shown to be robust in reproducing the abundance distributions of heavy elements, such as europium, seen in ultra-metal poor stars. In contrast, observations of elements 26 < Z < 47 display overabundances relative to r-process model predictions. A proposed additional source of early nucleosynthesis is the weak r-process in neutrino-driven winds of core-collapse supernovae. It has been shown that in this site ( α ,n) reactions are both crucial to nucleosynthesis and the main source of uncertainty in model-based abundance predictions. Aiming to improve the certainty of nucleosynthesis predictions, the cross section of the important reaction 86 Kr( α ,n) 89 Sr has been measured at an energy relevant to the weak r-process. This experiment was conducted in inverse kinematics at TRIUMF with the EMMA recoil mass spectrometer and the TIGRESS gamma-ray spectrometer. A novel type of solid helium target was used.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2024
  5. Theoretical and experimental studies of electron-hole friction limited transport in bilayer graphene with a tunable bandgap.
  6. Abstract Strong optical nonlinearities play a central role in realizing quantum photonic technologies. Exciton-polaritons, which result from the hybridization of material excitations and cavity photons, are an attractive candidate to realize such nonlinearities. While the interaction between ground state excitons generates a notable optical nonlinearity, the strength of such interactions is generally not sufficient to reach the regime of quantum nonlinear optics. Excited states, however, feature enhanced interactions and therefore hold promise for accessing the quantum domain of single-photon nonlinearities. Here we demonstrate the formation of exciton-polaritons using excited excitonic states in monolayer tungsten diselenide (WSe 2 ) embedded in a microcavity. The realized excited-state polaritons exhibit an enhanced nonlinear response ∼ $${g}_{{pol}-{pol}}^{2s} \sim 46.4\pm 13.9\,\mu {eV}\mu {m}^{2}$$ g p o l − p o l 2 s ~ 46.4 ± 13.9 μ e V μ m 2 which is ∼4.6 times that for the ground-state exciton. The demonstration of enhanced nonlinear response from excited exciton-polaritons presents the potential of generating strong exciton-polariton interactions, a necessary building block for solid-state quantum photonic technologies.
  7. Abstract The emerging field of twistronics, which harnesses the twist angle between two-dimensional materials, represents a promising route for the design of quantum materials, as the twist-angle-induced superlattices offer means to control topology and strong correlations. At the small twist limit, and particularly under strain, as atomic relaxation prevails, the emergent moiré superlattice encodes elusive insights into the local interlayer interaction. Here we introduce moiré metrology as a combined experiment-theory framework to probe the stacking energy landscape of bilayer structures at the 0.1 meV/atom scale, outperforming the gold-standard of quantum chemistry. Through studying the shapes of moiré domains with numerous nano-imaging techniques, and correlating with multi-scale modelling, we assess and refine first-principle models for the interlayer interaction. We document the prowess of moiré metrology for three representative twisted systems: bilayer graphene, double bilayer graphene and H-stacked MoSe 2 /WSe 2 . Moiré metrology establishes sought after experimental benchmarks for interlayer interaction, thus enabling accurate modelling of twisted multilayers.
  8. A wide variety of two-dimensional (2D) metal dichalcogenide compounds have recently attracted much research interest due to their very high photoresponsivities (R) making them excellent candidates for optoelectronic applications. High R in 2D photoconductors is associated to trap state dynamics leading to a photogating effect, which is often manifested by a fractional power dependence (γ) of the photocurrent (I ph ) when under an effective illumination intensity (P eff ). Here we present photoconductivity studies as a function of gate voltages, over a wide temperature range (20 K to 300 K) of field-effect transistors fabricated using thin layers of mechanically exfoliated rhenium diselenide (ReSe 2 ). We obtain very high responsivities R ~ 16500 A/W and external quantum efficiency (EQE) ~ 3.2 x 10 6 % (at 140 K, V g = 60 V and P eff = 0.2 nW). A strong correlation between R and γ was established by investigating the dependence of these two quantities at various gate voltages and over a wide range of temperature. Such correlations indicate the importance of trap state mediated photogating and its role in promoting high photo responsivities in these materials. We believe such correlations can offer valuable insights for the designmore »and development of high performance photoactive devices using 2D materials.« less