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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2024
  2. Abstract

    Studies of electrosensory systems have led to insights into a number of general issues in biology. However, investigations of these systems have been limited by the inability to precisely control spatial patterns of electrosensory input. In this paper, an electrode array and a system to selectively stimulate spatially restricted regions of an electroreceptor array are presented. The array has 96 channels consisting of chrome/gold electrodes patterned on a flexible parylene‐C substrate and encapsulated with another parylene‐C layer. The conformability of the electrode array allows for optimal current driving and surface interface conditions. Recordings of neural activity at the first central processing stage in weakly electric mormyrid fish support the potential of this system for high spatial resolution stimulation and mapping of electrosensory systems.

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  3. Appropriate generalization of learned responses to new situations is vital for adaptive behavior. We provide a circuit-level account of generalization in the electrosensory lobe (ELL) of weakly electric mormyrid fish. Much is already known in this system about a form of learning in which motor corollary discharge signals cancel responses to the uninformative input evoked by the fish’s own electric pulses. However, for this cancellation to be useful under natural circumstances, it must generalize accurately across behavioral regimes, specifically different electric pulse rates. We show that such generalization indeed occurs in ELL neurons, and develop a circuit-level model explaining how this may be achieved. The mechanism involves regularized synaptic plasticity and an approximate matching of the temporal dynamics of motor corollary discharge and electrosensory inputs. Recordings of motor corollary discharge signals in mossy fibers and granule cells provide direct evidence for such matching. 
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