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  1. David, G. ; Garg, P. ; Kalweit, A. ; Mukherjee, S. ; Ullrich, T. ; Xu, Z. ; Yoo, I.-K. (Ed.)
    Recent theory progress in (3+1)D dynamical descriptions of relativistic nuclear collisions at finite baryon density are reviewed. Heavy-ion collisions at different collision energies produce strongly coupled nuclear matter to probe the phase structure of Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). Dynamical frameworks serve as a quantitative tool to study properties of hot QCD matter and map collisions to the QCD phase diagram. Outstanding challenges are highlighted when confronting theoretical models with the current and forthcoming experimental measurements from the RHIC beam energy scan program.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  2. David, G. ; Garg, P. ; Kalweit, A. ; Mukherjee, S. ; Ullrich, T. ; Xu, Z. ; Yoo, I.-K. (Ed.)
    The yields, mean transverse momenta, and flow of K *0 , ρ 0 , Λ(1520) resonances provide an evidence of a late stage hadronic rescattering in ultrarelativistic central heavy ion collisions [1]. Using hydrodynamic + hadronic afterburner simulations of Pb+Pb collisions at 5.02 TeV we achieve a reasonable description of resonance yields and spectra as a function of collision centrality. We demonstrate that the measurements of Λ(1520)’s mean transverse momentum allow to constrain the unknown branching ratios of Σ* → Λ(1520)π decays. Hadronic dynamics leads to an enhanced ∆(1232) production in central collisions.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  4. David, G. ; Garg, P. ; Kalweit, A. ; Mukherjee, S. ; Ullrich, T. ; Xu, Z. ; Yoo, I.-K. (Ed.)
    Utilizing viscous hydrodynamic simulations of heavy-ion collisions, we study the behavior of cumulants of (net-)(anti)proton number distributions at RHIC beam energy scan energies, incorporating non-critical contributions like baryon conservation and excluded volume. The experimental data on net-proton cumulants at √ S NN > 20 GeV are consistent with simultaneous effects of global baryon conservation and repulsive interactions in baryon sector, whereas the data at lower collision energies show possible indications for sizable attractive interactions among baryons. We discuss the behavior of factorial cumulants in addition to the ordinary cumulants, and also address the quantitative difference between proton and baryon number cumulants.
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 1, 2023
  5. Free, publicly-accessible full text available January 14, 2023
  6. We provide a concise review on recent theory advancements towards full-fledged (3+1)D dynamical descriptions of relativistic nuclear collisions at finite baryon density. Heavy-ion collisions at different collision energies produce strongly coupled matter and probe the QCD phase transition at the crossover, critical point, and first-order phase transition regions. Dynamical frameworks provide a quantitative tool to extract properties of hot QCD matter and map fireballs to the QCD phase diagram. Outstanding challenges are highlighted when confronting current theoretical frameworks with current and forthcoming experimental measurements from the RHIC beam energy scan programs.
  7. Abstract We show that an event-shape engineering based on the mean transverse momentum of charged hadrons, $$[p_t]$$ [ p t ] , provides an optimal handle on the strength of the magnetic field created in central heavy-ion collisions at high energy. This is established through quantitative evaluations of the correlation existing between the event-by-event magnetic field produced by the spectator protons in 5.02 TeV Pb + Pb collisions and the event-by-event $$[p_t]$$ [ p t ] at a given collision centrality. We argue that the event selection based on $$[p_t]$$ [ p t ] provides a better handle on the magnetic field than the more traditional selection based on the event ellipticities. Advantages brought by this new method for the experimental search of the chiral magnetic effect are discussed.