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  1. - (Ed.)
    The cubic Laves phase compound CeRu2 with a Kagome substructure of Ru has been investigated to understand myriad fascinating phenomena resulting from competition among its various physical and geometric features. Such phenomena include flat bands, van Hove singularities, Dirac cones, reentrant superconductivity, magnetism, the Fulde–Ferrell–Larkin–Ovchinnikov state, valence fluctuations, time-irreversible anisotropic s-state superconductivity, etc. Extensive studies have thus been carried out since 1958 when the highly unusual coexistence of superconductivity and ferromagnetism was proposed for the mixed compounds (Ce,Gd)Ru2. Activity has accelerated in recent years due to increasing interest in topological states in superconductors. However, there has been little investigation of the mutual influence of these fascinating states. Therefore, we systematically investigated the superconductivity and possible Fermi surface topological change in CeRu2 via magnetic, resistivity, and structural measurements under pressure up to ~168 GPa. An unusual phase diagram that suggests an intriguing interplay between the compound’s superconducting order and Fermi surface topological order has been constructed. A resurgence in its superconducting transition temperature was observed above 28 GPa. Our experiments have identified a structural transition above 76 GPa and a few tantalizing phase transitions driven by high pressure. Our high-pressure results further suggest that superconductivity and Fermi surface topology in CeRu2 are strongly intertwined, 
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  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available March 20, 2025
  3. All van der Waals Fe 3 GeTe 2 /Cr 2 Ge 2 Te 6 /graphite magnetic heterojunctions have been fabricated via mechanical exfoliation and stacking, and their magnetotransport properties are studied in detail. At low bias voltages, large negative junction magnetoresistances have been observed and are attributed to spin-conserving tunneling transport across an insulating Cr 2 Ge 2 Te 6 layer. With increasing bias, a crossover to Fowler–Nordheim tunneling takes place. The negative sign of the tunneling magnetoresistance suggests that the bottom of a conduction band in Cr 2 Ge 2 Te 6 belongs to minority spins, opposite to the findings of some first-principles calculations. This work shows that the vdW heterostructures based on 2D magnetic insulators are a valuable platform to gain further insight into spin polarized tunneling transport, which is the basis for pursuing high performance spintronic devices and a large variety of quantum phenomena. 
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  4. Monolayer group V transition metal dichalcogenides in their 1T phase have recently emerged as a platform to investigate rich phases of matter, such as spin liquid and ferromagnetism, resulting from strong electron correlations. Newly emerging 1T-NbSe 2 has inspired theoretical investigations predicting collective phenomena such as charge transfer gap and ferromagnetism in two dimensions; however, the experimental evidence is still lacking. Here, by controlling the molecular beam epitaxy growth parameters, we demonstrate the successful growth of high-quality single-phase 1T-NbSe 2 . By combining scanning tunneling microscopy/spectroscopy and ab initio calculations, we show that this system is a charge transfer insulator with the upper Hubbard band located above the valence band maximum. To demonstrate the electron correlation resulted magnetic property, we create a vertical 1T/2H NbSe 2 heterostructure, and we find unambiguous evidence of exchange interactions between the localized magnetic moments in 1T phase and the metallic/superconducting phase exemplified by Kondo resonances and Yu-Shiba-Rusinov–like bound states. 
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  5. null (Ed.)
  6. Although ultrafast manipulation of magnetism holds great promise for new physical phenomena and applications, targeting specific states is held back by our limited understanding of how magnetic correlations evolve on ultrafast timescales. Using ultrafast resonant inelastic X-ray scattering we demonstrate that femtosecond laser pulses can excite transient magnons at large wavevectors in gapped antiferromagnets and that they persist for several picoseconds, which is opposite to what is observed in nearly gapless magnets. Our work suggests that materials with isotropic magnetic interactions are preferred to achieve rapid manipulation of magnetism. 
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