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  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 1, 2022
  2. Social media is a vital means for information-sharing due to its easy access, low cost, and fast dissemination characteristics. However, increases in social media usage have corresponded with a rise in the prevalence of cyberbullying. Most existing cyberbullying detection methods are supervised and, thus, have two key drawbacks: (1) The data labeling process is often labor-intensive and time-consuming; (2) Current labeling guidelines may not be generalized to future instances because of different language usage and evolving social networks. To address these limitations, this work introduces a principled approach for unsupervised cyberbullying detection. The proposed model consists of two main components:more »(1) A representation learning network that encodes the social media session by exploiting multi-modal features, e.g., text, network, and time. (2) A multi-task learning network that simultaneously fits the time intervals and estimates the bullying likelihood based on a Gaussian Mixture Model. The proposed model jointly optimizes the parameters of both components to overcome the shortcomings of decoupled training. Our core contribution is an unsupervised cyberbullying detection model that not only experimentally outperforms the state-of-the-art unsupervised models, but also achieves competitive performance compared to supervised models.« less