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  1. Tan, Jie ; Toussaint, Marc ; Darvish, Kourosh (Ed.)
    Most successes in autonomous robotic assembly have been restricted to single target or category. We propose to investigate general part assembly, the task of creating novel target assemblies with unseen part shapes. As a fundamental step to a general part assembly system, we tackle the task of determining the precise poses of the parts in the target assembly, which we term “rearrangement planning". We present General Part Assembly Transformer (GPAT), a transformer-based model architecture that accurately predicts part poses by inferring how each part shape corresponds to the target shape. Our experiments on both 3D CAD models and real-world scans demonstrate GPAT’s generalization abilities to novel and diverse target and part shapes. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 6, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  3. Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 1, 2024
  4. Many real-world factory tasks require human expertise and involvement for robot control. However, traditional robot operation requires that users undergo extensive and time-consuming robot-specific training to understand the specific constraints of each robot. We describe a user interface that supports a user in assigning and monitoring remote assembly tasks in Virtual Reality (VR) through high-level goal-based instructions rather than low-level direct control. Our user interface is part of a testbed in which a motion-planning algorithm determines, verifies, and executes robot-specific trajectories in simulation. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available October 13, 2024
  5. This paper tackles the task of goal-conditioned dynamic manipulation of deformable objects. This task is highly challenging due to its complex dynamics (introduced by object deformation and high-speed action) and strict task requirements (defined by a precise goal specification). To address these challenges, we present Iterative Residual Policy (IRP), a general learning framework applicable to repeatable tasks with complex dynamics. IRP learns an implicit policy via delta dynamics—instead of modeling the entire dynamical system and inferring actions from that model, IRP learns delta dynamics that predict the effects of delta action on the previously observed trajectory. When combined with adaptive action sampling, the system can quickly optimize its actions online to reach a specified goal. We demonstrate the effectiveness of IRP on two tasks: whipping a rope to hit a target point and swinging a cloth to reach a target pose. Despite being trained only in simulation on a fixed robot setup, IRP is able to efficiently generalize to noisy real-world dynamics, new objects with unseen physical properties, and even different robot hardware embodiments, demonstrating its excellent generalization capability relative to alternative approaches.

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