skip to main content


Search for: All records

Creators/Authors contains: "Su, Xiao"

Note: When clicking on a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, you will be taken to an external site maintained by the publisher. Some full text articles may not yet be available without a charge during the embargo (administrative interval).
What is a DOI Number?

Some links on this page may take you to non-federal websites. Their policies may differ from this site.

  1. Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  2. Free, publicly-accessible full text available November 28, 2024
  3. Abstract Nitrate is a ubiquitous aqueous pollutant from agricultural and industrial activities. At the same time, conversion of nitrate to ammonia provides an attractive solution for the coupled environmental and energy challenge underlying the nitrogen cycle, by valorizing a pollutant to a carbon-free energy carrier and essential chemical feedstock. Mass transport limitations are a key obstacle to the efficient conversion of nitrate to ammonia from water streams, due to the dilute concentration of nitrate. Here, we develop bifunctional electrodes that couple a nitrate-selective redox-electrosorbent (polyaniline) with an electrocatalyst (cobalt oxide) for nitrate to ammonium conversion. We demonstrate the synergistic reactive separation of nitrate through solely electrochemical control. Electrochemically-reversible nitrate uptake greater than 70 mg/g can be achieved, with electronic structure calculations and spectroscopic measurements providing insight into the underlying role of hydrogen bonding for nitrate selectivity. Using agricultural tile drainage water containing dilute nitrate (0.27 mM), we demonstrate that the bifunctional electrode can achieve a 8-fold up-concentration of nitrate, a 24-fold enhancement of ammonium production rate (108.1 ug h −1  cm −2 ), and a >10-fold enhancement in energy efficiency when compared to direct electrocatalysis in the dilute stream. Our study provides a generalized strategy for a fully electrified reaction-separation pathway for modular nitrate remediation and ammonia production. 
    more » « less
    Free, publicly-accessible full text available December 1, 2024
  4. Selective electrochemical separations can enable the recycling of valuable homogeneous catalysts for key industrial reactions. 
    more » « less
  5. We report herein the synthesis of primary and secondary β-chalcogen amines through the regioselective ring-opening reaction of non-activated 2-oxazolidinones promoted by in situ generated chalcogenolate anions. The developed one-step protocol enabled the preparation of β-selenoamines, β-telluroamines and β-thioamines with appreciable structural diversity and in yields of up to 95%. 
    more » « less
  6. Free, publicly-accessible full text available August 1, 2024