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  1. Channel decoders are key computing modules in wired/wireless communication systems. Recently neural network (NN)-based decoders have shown their promising error-correcting performance because of their end-to-end learning capability. However, compared with the traditional approaches, the emerging neural belief propagation (NBP) solution suffers higher storage and computational complexity, limiting its hardware performance. To address this challenge and develop a channel decoder that can achieve high decoding performance and hardware performance simultaneously, in this paper we take a first step towards exploring SRAM-based in-memory computing for efficient NBP channel decoding. We first analyze the unique sparsity pattern in the NBP processing, and then propose an efficient and fully Digital Sparse In-Memory Matrix vector Multiplier (DSPIMM) computing platform. Extensive experiments demonstrate that our proposed DSPIMM achieves significantly higher energy efficiency and throughput than the state-of-the-art counterparts. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available July 9, 2024
  2. Low-rank compression is an important model compression strategy for obtaining compact neural network models. In general, because the rank values directly determine the model complexity and model accuracy, proper selection of layer-wise rank is very critical and desired. To date, though many low-rank compression approaches, either selecting the ranks in a manual or automatic way, have been proposed, they suffer from costly manual trials or unsatisfied compression performance. In addition, all of the existing works are not designed in a hardware-aware way, limiting the practical performance of the compressed models on real-world hardware platforms. To address these challenges, in this paper we propose HALOC, a hardware-aware automatic low-rank compression framework. By interpreting automatic rank selection from an architecture search perspective, we develop an end-to-end solution to determine the suitable layer-wise ranks in a differentiable and hardware-aware way. We further propose design principles and mitigation strategy to efficiently explore the rank space and reduce the potential interference problem.Experimental results on different datasets and hardware platforms demonstrate the effectiveness of our proposed approach. On CIFAR-10 dataset, HALOC enables 0.07% and 0.38% accuracy increase over the uncompressed ResNet-20 and VGG-16 models with 72.20% and 86.44% fewer FLOPs, respectively. On ImageNet dataset, HALOC achieves 0.9% higher top-1 accuracy than the original ResNet-18 model with 66.16% fewer FLOPs. HALOC also shows 0.66% higher top-1 accuracy increase than the state-of-the-art automatic low-rank compression solution with fewer computational and memory costs. In addition, HALOC demonstrates the practical speedups on different hardware platforms, verified by the measurement results on desktop GPU, embedded GPU and ASIC accelerator. 
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    Free, publicly-accessible full text available June 27, 2024