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  1. Abstract

    We present our continuous efforts from a modeling and numerical viewpoint to develop a powerful and flexible mathematical and computational framework called Ocular Mathematical Virtual Simulator (OMVS). The OMVS aims to solve problems arising in biomechanics and hemodynamics within the human eye. We discuss our contribution towards improving the reliability and reproducibility of computational studies by performing a thorough validation of the numerical predictions against experimental data. The OMVS proved capable of simulating complex multiphysics and multiscale scenarios motivated by the study of glaucoma. Furthermore, its modular design allows the continuous integration of new models and methods as the research moves forward, and supports the utilization of the OMVS as a promising non‐invasive clinical investigation tool for personalized research in ophthalmology.

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  2. Altitude affects intraocular pressure (IOP); however, the underlying mechanisms involved and its relationship with ocular hemodynamics remain unknown. Herein, a validated mathematical modeling approach was used for a physiology-enhanced (pe-) analysis of the Mont Blanc study (MBS), estimating the effects of altitude on IOP, blood pressure (BP), and retinal hemodynamics. In the MBS, IOP and BP were measured in 33 healthy volunteers at 77 and 3466 m above sea level. Pe-retinal hemodynamics analysis predicted a statistically significant increase (p < 0.001) in the model predicted blood flow and pressure within the retinal vasculature following increases in systemic BP with altitude measured in the MBS. Decreased IOP with altitude led to a non-monotonic behavior of the model predicted retinal vascular resistances, with significant decreases in the resistance of the central retinal artery (p < 0.001) and retinal venules (p = 0.003) and a non-significant increase in the resistance in the central retinal vein (p = 0.253). Pe-aqueous humor analysis showed that a decrease in osmotic pressure difference (OPD) may underlie the difference in IOP measured at different altitudes in the MBS. Our analysis suggests that venules bear the significant portion of the IOP pressure load within the ocular vasculature, and that OPD plays an important role in regulating IOP with changes in altitude. 
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  3. null (Ed.)