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  1. Topological insulators open many avenues for designing future electronic devices. Using the Bardeen transfer Hamiltonian method, we calculate the current density of electron tunneling between two slabs of Bi2Se3. 3D TI tunnel diode current-voltage characteristics are calculated for different doping concentrations, tunnel barrier height and thickness, and 3D TI bandgap. The difference in the Fermi levels of the slabs determines the peak and trough voltages. The tunnel barrier width and height affect the magnitude of the current without affecting the shape of the current-voltage characteristics. The bandgap of the 3D TI determines the magnitude of the tunnel current, albeit at a lesser rate than the tunnel barrier potential, thus the device characteristics are robust under changing TI material. The high peak-to-trough ratio of 3D TI tunnel diodes, the controllabilty of the trough current location, and the simple construction provide advantages over other NDR devices.
  2. We study the magnetic properties of platinum diselenide (PtSe2) intercalated with Ti, V, Cr, and Mn, using first-principle density functional theory (DFT) calculations and Monte Carlo (MC) simulations. First, we present the equilibrium position of intercalants in PtSe2 obtained from the DFT calculations. Next, we present the magnetic groundstates for each of the intercalants in PtSe2 along with their critical temperature. We show that Ti intercalants result in an in-plane AFM and out-of-plane FM groundstate, whereas Mn intercalant results in in-plane FM and out-of-plane AFM. V intercalants result in an FM groundstate both in the in-plane and the out-of-plane direction, whereas Cr results in an AFM groundstate both in the in-plane and the out-of-plane direction. We find a critical temperature of <0.01 K, 111 K, 133 K, and 68 K for Ti, V, Cr, and Mn intercalants at a 7.5% intercalation, respectively. In the presence of Pt vacancies, we obtain critical temperatures of 63 K, 32 K, 221 K, and 45 K for Ti, V, Cr, and Mn-intercalated PtSe2, respectively. We show that Pt vacancies can change the magnetic groundstate as well as the critical temperature of intercalated PtSe2, suggesting that the magnetic groundstate in intercalated PtSe2 can be controlledmore »via defect engineering.« less